Fine Art

Oenanthe javanica1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Oenantheae
Genus: Oenanthe
Species: Oenanthe javanica
Subspecies: O. j. subsp. javanica – O. j. subsp. rosthornii

Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC., 1830

De Candolle, A.P., Prodr. 4:138. 1830


Hassler, M. 2018. Oenanthe javanica. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Oenanthe javanica. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 24 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Oenanthe javanica in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 24. 2018. Oenanthe javanica. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 24.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Oenanthe javanica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Java Water Dropwort
日本語: セリ (芹)

Oenanthe javanica, commonly Java waterdropwort,[3] water celery,[4] water dropwort,[5] Chinese celery,[4] and Japanese (flat leaf) parsley,[4] is a plant of the genus Oenanthe originating from East Asia. It has a widespread native distribution in temperate Asia and tropical Asia, and is also native to Queensland, Australia.[6]

This plant should not be confused with the plants of the genus Cryptotaenia, sometimes called "Japanese wild parsley" (mitsuba in Japanese), Apium graveolens var. secalinum which is also called "Chinese celery", or other plants called "water dropwort" and "water celery".


Oenanthe javanica is a perennial herb that grows to about 1 m in height, with fibrous roots that emerge from all nodes, and flowers with 5 white petals and 5 stamens. The leaves are aromatic, glabrous, and have a sheath covering the stem. The leaflets are divided into lobes and crinkled.[7] The 'Flamingo' variety has colorful pink edges. The plant grows wild in moist areas, along streams and on the edges of ponds.

The plant is considered officially invasive in several states of the United States.[8]

Culinary use

While many other species of Oenanthe are extremely toxic, Oenanthe javanica is edible, and is cultivated in China, India, Japan, Korea,, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Taiwan, and Vietnam, as well as in Italy, where its spring growths are relished as a vegetable.


Known locally as komprek (Meitei: ꯀꯣꯝꯄ꯭ꯔꯦꯛ[9]), it is commonly consumed in the Northeast Indian state of Manipur, where it is one of the main ingredients in Manipuri eromba and singju.


Called seri (セリ) in Japanese, it is one of the ingredients of the symbolic dish consumed in the Japanese spring-time festival, Nanakusa-no-sekku.

Nanakusa-gayu (seven herb congee) eaten on Nanakusa-no-sekku (seven herb festival)


In Korea, the plant is called minari (미나리) and is eaten as namul vegetable.[10] The award-winning 2020 drama film Minari is named for the vegetable.[11]

Minari-muchim (seasoned water dropwort salad)

Minari-oi-muchim (seasoned water dropwart and cucumber salad)

Minari-buchimgae (water dropwort pancake)

Minari-ganghoe (water dropwort rolls)


The plant contains persicarin and isorhamnetin.[12]
See also



Zhuang, X.; Lansdown, R.V. (2011). "Oenanthe javanica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T168749A6532868. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T168749A6532868.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 12 May 2016
"Oenanthe javanica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Java waterdropwort/Oenanthe javanica - Wisconsin DNR, archived from the original on 2019-08-01, retrieved August 1, 2019
Arthur O. Tucker and Thomas DeBaggio. The Encyclopedia of Herbs: A Comprehensive Reference to Herbs of Flavor and Fragrance. Timber Press, 2009. p. 353. ISBN 9781604691344
"Oenanthe javanica, Ooenanthe javanica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2 August 2015.
Tanaka, Yoshitaka; Van Ke, Nguyen (2007). Edible Wild Plants of Vietnam: The Bountiful Garden. Thailand: Orchid Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-9745240896.
Java waterdropwort at Retrieved 25 October 2021.
Oenanthe javanica" at eFlora of India. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
Journal of Plant Biology - Volumes 45-46 2002- Page 83 "The cultivated type , “ Minari ” , is a major vegetable crop . These two types are not easily distinguishable ; even quantitative characters such as leaf and petiole size cannot be used as criteria for their classification . "
Lee, Paula Young (2021-02-18). "In Minari, Yuh-Jung Youn Shows Us America Through the Eyes of a Korean Elder". Center for Asian American Media. Retrieved 2021-04-01. "...the minari plant, the herb after which the film is named."
Anticoagulant activities of persicarin and isorhamnetin. Ku SK, Kim TH and Bae JS, Vascul Pharmacol., April 2013, volume 58, issue 4, pages 272-279, doi:10.1016/j.vph.2013.01.005

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