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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Araliaceae
Subfamilia: Aralioideae
Genus: Oplopanax
Species: O. elatus – O. horridus – O. japonicus

Oplopanax (Torr. & A.Gray) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 4, 16. 2 Jul 1863.

Typus: O. horridus
(Sm.) Miq.


Panax [par.] Oplopanax Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 648. Jun 1840.


Echinopanax Decne. et Planch. ex Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. (Engler & Prantl) 3(8): 34. 28 Dec 1894.


Ricinophyllum Pall. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 375. 1844, nom. inval.


Miquel, F.A.W., 1863. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 4, 16.
Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2009 Dec 11 [1].


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Oplopanax in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Oplopanax. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Oplopanax. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 22 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Oplopanax in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22. 2018. Oplopanax. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Заманіха
suomi: Pirunnuijat
русский: Заманиха

Oplopanax is a small genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae, consisting of three species of deciduous shrubs, native to western North America and northeastern Asia. Oplopanax is closely related to the Asian genus Fatsia. There are three recognized species of Oplopanax in the world: Oplopanax elatus, Oplopanax horridus, Oplopanax japonicus.

The species have spiny stems, large palmately lobed leaves, and whitish or greenish flowers occurring in terminal panicles. The fruit is a small spherical red drupe, popular with birds.

Oplopanax species are closely related to American ginseng. The plant was used in traditional Native American medicine.[1]

Gregory L. Tilford. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, ISBN 0-87842-359-1. p. 50.

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