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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Loteae
Genus: Ornithopus
Species: Ornithopus sativus
Subspecies: O. s. subsp. macrorrhynchus – O. s. subsp. sativus

Ornithopus sativus Brot., 1805

Coronilla serradella E.H.L.Krause
Ornithopodium sativum (Brot.) Kuntze

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Morocco
Regional: Macaronesia
Azores, Madeira
Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
France, Portugal, Spain
Introduced into:
Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Russia, Chile South, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Germany, Jawa, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Poland, South Australia, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Brotero, F.A. 1805. Flora Lusitanica, seu Plantarum, quae in Lusitania vel Sponte Crescunt, vel frequentius coluntur, ex florum praesertim sexubus systematice distributarum, synopsis. Vol. 2. 557 pp. Typographia Regia, Lisboa. BHL Reference page. : 2:160.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Ornithopus sativus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Feb 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Ornithopus sativus. Published online. Accessed: Feb 24 2021. 2021. Ornithopus sativus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 24 Feb 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Ornithopus sativus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Feb 24. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ornithopus sativus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
español: Serradela
suomi: Peltolinnunjalka

Ornithopus sativus, the serradella or common birdsfoot, is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae.[2] It is native to Southwestern Europe and Northwest Africa in Portugal, western Spain, northern Morocco and Algeria, and southwestern France and has been introduced as a legume forage to many locations around the world, including most of central and eastern Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, the Azores, South Africa, Kenya, Java, most of Australia, the North Island of New Zealand, southern Chile, and California.[1][3] It is known for producing a high‑quality forage in highly acidic, nutrient‑poor soils.[4]

The following subtaxa are accepted:[1]

Ornithopus sativus nothosubsp. macrorrhynchus (Willk.) Talavera, Arista & P.L.Ortiz
Ornithopus sativus subsp. sativus


"Ornithopus sativus Brot". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
"Ornithopus L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
"Ornithopus sativus" (PDF). Flora Iberica. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
Nutt, Bradley J.; Harrison, Robert J.; McComb, Jen A.; Howieson, John G. (2021). "The breeding system of Ornithopus sativus Brot. subsp. sativus". Grass and Forage Science. 76: 3–9. doi:10.1111/gfs.12521.

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