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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Araliaceae
Subfamilia: Aralioideae
Genus: Panax
Species: Panax notoginseng

Panax notoginseng (Burkill) C.Y.Wu, 1975

Aralia quinquefolia var. notoginseng Burkill, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1902: 7 (1902).
Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng (Burkill) G.Hoo & C.J.Tseng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11: 435 (1973)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asie
China South-Central; China Southeast

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Wu, Zh.Y. , 1975. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(2):41.
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Panax notoginseng in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Panax notoginseng. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Panax notoginseng. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 22 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Panax notoginseng in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 22. 2018. Panax notoginseng. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 Nov. 2018.

Vernacular names
中文: 三七

Panax notoginseng is a species of the genus Panax, and it is commonly referred to in English as Chinese ginseng[2] or notoginseng. In Chinese it is called tiánqī (田七), tienchi ginseng, sānqī (三七) or sanchi, three-seven root, and mountain plant. P. notoginseng belongs to the same scientific genus as Panax ginseng. In Latin, the word panax means "cure-all", and the family of ginseng plants is one of the best-known herbs.

P. notoginseng grows naturally in China. The herb is a perennial with dark green leaves branching from a stem with a red cluster of berries in the middle. It is both cultivated and gathered from wild forests, with wild plants being the most valuable. The Chinese refer to it as three-seven root because the plant has three petioles with seven leaflets each. It is also said that the root should be harvested between three and seven years after planting it.

Chinese medicine

In traditional Chinese medicine, P. notoginseng is classified as warm in nature. The taste is sweet and slightly bitter. A decoction of 5-10 g is a typical dose. It can also be ground to a powder for swallowing directly or taken mixed with water. The dose in that case is usually 1-3 g.[3]
Chemical components

P. notoginseng contains dammarane-type ginsenosides as major constituents. Dammarane-type ginsenosides includes 2 classifications: the 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (ppd) and 20(S)-protopanaxatriol (ppt) classifications. P. notoginseng contains high levels of Rb1, Rd (ppd classification) and Rg1 (ppt classification)ginsenosides. Rb1, Rd and Rg1 content of P. notoginseng is found to be higher than that of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius in one study.[4]
See also

Panax pseudoginseng


"Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
"2016-nyeon insam tonggye-jaryo-jip" [Source book of ginseng statistics 2016 (in Korean)]. Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (in Korean). May 2017. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 24 February 2018.

정책분야별 자료. 농림축산식품부. 7 June 2017.

Dan Bensky; Steven Clavey; Erich Stoger & Andrew Gamble (2004). Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica (Third ed.).
Shu Zhu; et al. (2004). "Comparative study on triterpene saponins of ginseng drugs". Planta Medica. 70 (7): 666–677. doi:10.1055/s-2004-827192. PMID 15303259.

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