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Panax trifolius Kentucky

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Araliaceae
Subfamilia: Aralioideae
Genus: Panax
Species: Panax trifolius

Panax trifolius L., 1753

Aralia trifolia (L.) Decne. & Planch., Rev. Hort. (Paris), sér. 4, 3: 105 (1854).
Ginseng trifolium (L.) Alph.Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl.: 142 (1872).
Aralia triphylla Poir. in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 1: 418 (1810).
Panax pusillus Sims, Bot. Mag. 33: t. 1334 (1810).
Panax lanceolatus Raf., New Fl. 4: 57 (1838).
Panax trifolius var. roseus N.Coleman, Cat. Fl. Pl. S. Pen. Michigan: 17 (1874).

Native distribution areas:
Panax trifolius

Continental: Northern America
Connecticut; Delaware; Georgia; Indiana; Kentucky; Maine; Maryland; Masachusettes; Michigan; Minnesota; New Brunswick; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; North Carolina; Nova Scotia; Ohio; Ontario; Pennsylvania; Prince Edward I.; Qubec; Rhode I.; Tennessee; Vermont; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 1059. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Panax trifolius in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 23. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Panax trifolius. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Panax trifolius. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 23 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Panax trifolius in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 23. 2018. Panax trifolius. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 23.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Panax trifolius in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
English: dwarf ginseng

Panax trifolius, commonly called dwarf ginseng, is plant native to the Northeastern and Appalachian regions of North America. It is found in low mesic woods with acidic soils.[1]

It produces an umbel of white flowers in late spring. This species was used for traditional medicine by Native Americans.[2] Its tubers can be eaten raw or boiled.[3]

Illinois Wildflowers
U.S. Forest Service
Niering, William A.; Olmstead, Nancy C. (1985) [1979]. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers, Eastern Region. Knopf. p. 347. ISBN 0-394-50432-1.

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