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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Tordylieae
Genus: Pastinaca
Species: P. argyrophylla – P. armena – P. aurantiaca – P. clausii – P. erzincanensis – P. gelendostensis – P. glandulosa – P. hirsuta – P. kochii – P. lucida – P. pimpinellifolia – P. sativa – P. trysia – P. yildizii – P. zozimoides
Source(s) of checklist:

Pastinaca L., Sp. Pl. 1: 262 (1753); Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 126 (1754).

Lectotype species (designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 141. Aug. 1929): Pastinaca sativa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 262 (1753).

Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 262. Reference page.
Linnaeus, C. 1754. Genera Plantarum, ed. 5: 126. Reference page.

Additional references

Hitchcock, A.S. & Green, M.L. 1929. Standard species of Linnaean genera of Phanerogamae (1753–1754). pp. 111–195 in International Botanical Congress. Cambridge (England), 1930. Nomenclature. Proposals by British Botanists. His Majesty's Stationery Office, London. Biblioteca Digital Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2018. Pastinaca. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 12. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Pastinaca. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 12 2018.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Pastinaca in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 3. Reference page. 2014. Pastinaca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 3.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Пастарнак
български: Пащърнак
čeština: pastinák
dansk: Pastinak-slægten
Deutsch: Pastinaken
English: Parsnip
suomi: Palsternakat
français: Panais
қазақша: Ботташық
lietuvių: Pastarnokas
latviešu: Pastinaks
македонски: Пашканат
Nederlands: Pastinaak
norsk: Pastinakk
polski: Pasternak
русский: Пастернак
slovenčina: paštrnák
svenska: Palsternackssläktet
українська: Пастернак
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pasternak
中文: 欧防风属

Pastinaca (parsnips) is a genus of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, comprising 14 species. Economically, the most important member of the genus is Pastinaca sativa, the parsnip.


The etymology of the generic name Pastinaca is not known with certainty. The name may be derived from the Latin word pastino (or pastinare), meaning "to prepare the ground for planting of the vine" (or more simply, "to dig") or the Latin word pastus, meaning "food", liberally translated as "Earth-food".[1][2]

For comparison, The Plant List, the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), and the National

The Plant List[3] ITIS[4] NPGS[5] Other[6]
Pastinaca argyrophylla Delip. Unresolved Accepted
Pastinaca armena Fisch. & C. A. Mey. Unresolved Accepted
Pastinaca fleischmannii Hladnik Synonym of Pastinaca sativa L.
Pastinaca fleischmannii Hladnik ex W. D. J. Koch Accepted
Pastinaca gelendostensis (Yild. & B. Selvi) Hand Accepted
Pastinaca glandulosa Boiss. & Hausskn. Synonym of Dumaniana glandulosa (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Yıld. & B.Selvi Accepted
Pastinaca hirsuta Pančić Accepted Accepted
Pastinaca kochii Duby Unresolved (may be synonym of Pastinaca sativa subsp. divaricata (Desf.) Rouy & E.G.Camus Accepted
Pastinaca latifolia (Duby) DC. Accepted
Pastinaca latifolia DC. Accepted
Pastinaca lucida L. Accepted Accepted
Pastinaca pimpinellifolia M. Bieb. Unresolved (may be synonym of Malabaila pimpinellifolia Hoffm.) Accepted
Pastinaca sativa L. Accepted Accepted Accepted
Pastinaca sativa subsp. divaricata (Desf.) Rouy & E.G.Camus Accepted Not recognized
Pastinaca sativa subsp. sativa Accepted
Pastinaca sativa var. sativa L. Not accepted
Pastinaca sativa subsp. sylvestris (Mill.) Rouy & E. G. Camus Synonym of Pastinaca sativa L. Not accepted Accepted Not recognized
Pastinaca sativa subsp. urens (Req. ex Godr.) Čelak. Accepted Not recognized
Pastinaca sativa subsp. urens Čelak. Synonym of Pastinaca umbrosa Steven
Pastinaca umbrosa Steven Accepted
Pastinaca yildizii Dirmenci Synonym of Dumaniana yildizii (Dirmenci) Yıld. Accepted
Pastinaca zozimoides Fenzl Synonym of Dumaniana zozimoides (Fenzl) Yıld. & B.Selvi Accepted

In summary, 19 species names are accepted by at least one naming authority. Of those, 13 names are uncontested by some other authority.

The following names are accepted by two or more naming authorities: Pastinaca hirsuta Pančić, Pastinaca lucida L., and Pastinaca sativa L. Only one of those names (Pastinaca sativa L.) is accepted by all three naming authorities.

Averill, Kristine M.; Di'Tommaso, Antonio (2007). "Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa): A troublesome species of increasing concern" (PDF). Weed Technology. 21: 279–287. doi:10.1614/WT-05-186.1.
Gledhill, David (2008). The Names of Plants (PDF) (4th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 292. ISBN 9780521866453.
"Pastinaca". The Plant List. 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
"Pastinaca L." Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Retrieved 12 October 2018.
"Taxon: Pastinaca spp". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. Retrieved 12 October 2018.

Kays, Stanley J. (2011). "3 – Latin binomials and synonyms". Cultivated Vegetables of the World: A Multilingual Onomasticon. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 617–708. ISBN 978-90-8686-720-2.

External links
Zehui, Pan; Watson, Mark F. "Pastinaca". Flora of China. Retrieved 11 October 2018.

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