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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Fabeae
Genus: Pisum
Species: P. fulvum – P. sativum

Pisum L. (1753)

Type species: P. sativum L.


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 727.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Гарох
suomi: Herneet
русский: Горох
українська: Горох

Pisum is a genus of the family Fabaceae, native to southwest Asia and northeast Africa. It contains one to five species, depending on taxonomic interpretation; the International Legume Database (ILDIS) accepts three species, one with two subspecies:[1]

Pisum abyssinicum (syn. P. sativum subsp. abyssinicum)
Pisum fulvum
Pisum sativum - pea
Pisum sativum subsp. elatius (syn. P. elatius, P. syriacum)
Pisum sativum subsp. sativum

Pisum sativum (the field or garden pea) is a major human food crop (see Pea and Split pea).

Pisum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix pyrivorella, cabbage moth, common swift, ghost moth, Hypercompe indecisa, the nutmeg, setaceous Hebrew character and turnip moth.

The Pisum sativum flower has 5 sepals (fused), 5 petals, 10 stamens (9 fused in a staminal tube and 1 stamen is free) and 1 subsessil carpel.

‘Pisum’ is the ancient Latin name for the pea.[2]
Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 304

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