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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Psoraleeae
Genus: Psoralea
Species: P. abbottii – P. aculeata – P. affinis – P. alata – P. angustifolia – P. aphylla – P. arborea – P. asarina – P. axillaris – P. azuroides – P. brilliantissima – P. cataracta – P. congesta – P. diturnerae – P. elegans – P. ensifolia – P. fascicularis – P. filifolia – P. fleta – P. floccosa – P. forbesiae – P. gigantea – P. glabra – P. glaucescens – P. glaucina – P. gueinzii – P. imbricata – P. imminens – P. implexa – P. intonsa – P. ivumba – P. karooensis – P. keetii – P. kougaensis – P. laevigata – P. laxa – P. margaretiflora – P. monophylla – P. montana – P. muirii – P. odoratissima – P. oligophylla – P. oreophila – P. peratica – P. pinnata – P. plauta – P. pullata – P. ramulosa – P. repens – P. restioides – P. rhizotoma – P. rigidula – P. semota – P. sordida – P. speciosa – P. suaveolens – P. tenuifolia – P. tenuissima – P. triflora – P. trullata – P. usitata – P. vanberkeliae – P. verrucosa
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Psoralea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 28. Reference page.


Psoralea L., 1753

Type species: Psoralea pinnata L. see Jarvis, Taxon 41: 568 (1992)


Aspalathium Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 380 (1787)
Bipontinia Alef., Pollichia, 22-24: 121 (1866)
Dorychnium Royen ex Moench, Meth. 109 (1794)
Hallia Thunb., Schrad. Journ. 1: (1799) 318. (9 spp. SAfr)
Lamottea Pomel, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 17: 235 (1870)
Lotodes Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 193 (1891)
Meladenia Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 21: (1848) I. 576
Munbya Pomel, Mat. Fl. Atl. 8 (1860)
Rhynchodium C.Presl, (Bot. Bemerk. 54 (1844)), in Abh. Boehm. Ges. V. 3: 484 (1845)
Ruteria Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 380 (1787)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Southern Africa
Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland
Introduced into:
India, New South Wales, New Zealand North, South Australia, St.Helena, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1762. Species Plantarum, ed. 2, Tomus I: 762. Reference page.

Additional references

Bello, A. et al. 2015: Psoralea diturnerae and P. vanberkelae (Psoraleeae, Fabaceae): two new species restricted to the Core Cape Region of South Africa. PhytoKeys, 44: 97–107. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.44.8999 Reference page.
Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Psoralea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Psoralea. Published online. Accessed: May 28 2021. 2021. Psoralea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 28 May 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Psoralea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 28. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Psoralea. Accessed: 28 May 2021.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Fonteinbosse
English: Fountain bushes
日本語: オランダビユ属
русский: Псоралея
українська: Псоралея
中文: 补骨脂属

Psoralea is a genus in the legume family (Fabaceae) with over 60 closely related species native to southern Africa.[2] In South Africa they are commonly referred to as fountainbush (English); fonteinbos, bloukeur, or penwortel (Afrikaans); and umHlonishwa (Zulu).[3]

Psoralea abbottii C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea aculeata L.
Psoralea affinis Eckl. & Zeyh.
Psoralea alata (Thunb.) T.M.Salter
Psoralea angustifolia L'Hér.
Psoralea aphylla L.
Psoralea arborea Sims
Psoralea asarina (P.J.Bergius) T.M.Salter
Psoralea axillaris L.f.
Psoralea azuroides C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea brilliantissima C.H.Stirt., Muasya & A.Bello
Psoralea cataracta C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea congesta C.H.Stirt. & Muasya
Psoralea diturnerae A. Bello, C.H. Stirt. & Muasya [4]
Psoralea elegans C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea ensifolia (Houtt.) Merr.
Psoralea fascicularis DC. , syn. Psoralea tenuifolia Thunb. , syn. Psoralea thunbergiana Eckl. & Zeyh. [5]
Psoralea filifolia Eckl. & Zeyh.
Psoralea fleta C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea floccosa C.H.Stirt., Muasya & A.Bello
Psoralea forbesiae C.H.Stirt., A.Bello & Muasya
Psoralea gigantea Dludlu, Muasya & C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea glabra E.Mey.
Psoralea glaucescens Eckl. & Zeyh.
Psoralea glaucina Harv.
Psoralea gueinzii Harv.
Psoralea imbricata (L.f.) T.M.Salter
Psoralea imminens C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea implexa C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea intonsa C.H.Stirt., Muasya & A.Bello
Psoralea ivumba C.H.Stirt., A.Bello & Muasya
Psoralea karooensis C.H.Stirt., Muasya & Vlok
Psoralea keetii Schönland ex H.M.L.Forbes
Psoralea kougaensis C.H.Stirt., Muasya & A.Bello
Psoralea laevigata L.f.
Psoralea laxa T.M.Salter
Psoralea margaretiflora C.H.Stirt. & V.R.Clark
Psoralea monophylla (L.) C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea montana A.Bello, C.H.Stirt. & Muasya
Psoralea muirii C.H.Stirt. & Muasya
Psoralea odoratissima Jacq.
Psoralea oligophylla Eckl. & Zeyh.
Psoralea oreophila Schltr.
Psoralea peratica C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea pinnata L.
Psoralea plauta C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea pullata C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea ramulosa C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea repens P.J.Bergius
Psoralea restioides Eckl. & Zeyh.
Psoralea rhizotoma C.H.Stirt. & Muasya
Psoralea rigidula C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea semota C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea sordida C.H.Stirt. & Muasya
Psoralea speciosa Eckl. & Zeyh.
Psoralea suaveolens C.H.Stirt., A.Bello & Muasya
Psoralea tenuifolia L.
Psoralea tenuissima E.Mey.
Psoralea triflora Thunb.
Psoralea trullata C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea usitata C.H.Stirt.
Psoralea vanberkeliae C.H.Stirt., A.Bello & Muasya
Psoralea verrucosa Willd. ex Spreng.

Ref: [1]

"Psoralea". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
"Psoralea L. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
"Psoralea pinnata | PlantZAfrica". Retrieved 2021-07-21.
Two New Blue-Flowered Plant Species Discovered in South Africa
"Psoralea fasicularis DC". Plants of the World Online. 2021. Retrieved 20 July 2021.

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