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Ridolfia segetum 1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Apieae
Genus: Ridolfia
Species: Ridolfia segetum

Ridolfia segetum Moris, 1841

Anethum arvense Bess.
Anethum pusillum hort. ex Steud.
Anethum segetum L.
Carum ridolfia Benth. & Hook. fil.
Carum segetum (L.) Kuntze
Foeniculum segetum (L.) C. Presl
Meum segetum (L.) Guss.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Baleares (Ibiza, Mallorca), +Corsica, France, Spain, Italy, Croatia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily, Albania, Malta, European Turkey, Greece,itzerland.html">Switzerland, Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus)
Continental: Africa
Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Corvo Isl.), Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife)
Continental: Asie
Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), Egypt (NE-Egypt), Israel (coastal W-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert), Jordania (W-Jordania), Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert), Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai), Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Moris, G.G., Enum. sem. hort. taur. 43. 1841


Hassler, M. 2018. Ridolfia segetum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Ridolfia segetum. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 21 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ridolfia segetum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
català: Fonollassa de sembrat
English: Corn Parsley, False Fennel, False Caraway
suomi: Kultasädeputki

Ridolfia segetum, called false fennel,[1] corn parsley, or false caraway, is an annual weed of the Mediterranean region. Its height 40 to 100 centimetres (16 to 39 in). The stem is erect, striate, and branched. The glabrous leaves are finely divided several times with filiform leaflets, the upper leaves frequently reduced, and the base of the petiole enlarged. The flowers are yellow, arranged in small umbels with almost uniform rays (10-60).

The seeds and leaves contain an essential oil, and the plant has a strong odor. It is used as a herb in the pickle industry. The plant can be eaten in its raw form, or cooked.

Ridolfia segetum is also used for medicinal purposes. It is used in the Mediterranean as a medicine for regulating women’s menstrual periods, and to increase milk flow in nursing mothers. Additional medicinal uses are to prevent constipation, coughing, gas, respiratory tract infections, and lice.

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.

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