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Saraca L. is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae (legume family) of about 20 plant species[1] of trees native to the lands from India, China and Ceylon to Malaysia and Sulawesi.

This plant can be grown outdoors in distinctly warm humid climates, and prefer a moist, well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. It can also be grown within greenhouses. The trees themselves are grown for their clustered, upturned flowers in yellow, orange or red. The tree's flowers lack petals, having brightly colored sepals, and have stamens projecting up to eight inches long. The leaves are pinnate, with paired leaflets. Typically, these trees are accustomed to the shade of other trees. Most species of Saraca are associated with particular bodies of water. The species Saraca asoca is believed to be the tree under which Buddha was born. Red saraca is the provincial tree of Yala province, Thailand.


Species include:[2]

Saraca asoca or ashoka tree
Saraca celebica
Saraca declinata
Saraca dives
Saraca griffithiana
Saraca hullettii
Saraca indica
Saraca monodelpha
Saraca thaipingensis
Saraca tubiflora


Saraca indica is host to the peacock mite Tuckerella channabasavannai.

Dezhao Chen; Dianxiang Zhang & Ding Hou, "Saraca Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 2: 469; Mant. Pl. 1: 13, 98. 1767", Flora of China online, 10

The Plant List, retrieved 6 January 2016

De Wilde, W. J. J. O. (1985). Saraca tubiflora, A New Species from West-central Sumatra (Caesalpinioideae). Blumea 30: 425-428.
Hooker, Joseph Dalton. (1879). The Flora of British India, Vol II. London: L. Reeve & Co.
Mabberley, D. J. (1987). The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Higher Plants. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-34060-8.
Blaxell, D., Bryant, G., Francis, F., Greig, D., Guest, S., Moore, J., North, T., Paddison, V., Roberts, S., Rodd, T., Scholer, P., Segall, B., Stowar, J., Walsh, K. (2001) "The Firefly Encyclopedia of Trees and Shrubs." Willowdale, Ontario: Firefly Books Ltd. ISBN 1-55209-603-3.

External links
Zuijderhoudt, G.F.P. (1968), "A revision of the genus Saraca L. — (Legum. Caes.)", Blumea, 15: 413–425

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Detarioideae
Tribus: Saraceae
Genus: Saraca
Species: S. asoca – S. celebica – S. declinata – S. dives – S. griffithiana – S. hullettii – S. indica – S. monadelpha – S. schmidiana – S. thaipingensis – S. tubiflora
⧼Source(s) of checklist⧽:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Saraca in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 21. Reference page.


Saraca L., 1767

Celebnia Noronha
Jonesia Roxb.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Tropical
Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
Introduced into:
Andaman Is., Egypt, Pakistan, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Zaïre

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1767. Mantissa Plantarum. Generum editionis VI. et Specierum editionis II. [1]: 1–142 + index (2 pp.). Holmiae. BHL Reference page. : 13.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Saraca in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Saraca. Published online. Accessed: Oct 21 2020. 2020. Saraca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 21.
Catalogue of Life: 2020 Annual Checklist

Vernacular names
čeština: Saraka
русский: Сарака
Tiếng Việt: Chi Vàng anh
中文: 无忧花属

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