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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Smyrnieae
Genus: Smyrnium
Species: Smyrnium cordifolium

Smyrnium cordifolium Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 6: 64 (1846).

Smyrnium galaticum Czeczott, Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae 9: 38 (1932).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Middle Asia
Regional: Western Asia
Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Boissier, P.E. 1845 publ. 1846. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum. ser. 1, no. 6. 136 pp., Lipsiae [Leipzig]: B. Hermann. MDZ Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Smyrnium cordifolium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 28. Reference page. 2021. Smyrnium cordifolium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 28.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Smyrnium cordifolium. Published online. Accessed: 28 Sep 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Smyrnium cordifolium. Accessed: 28 Sep 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Smyrnium cordifolium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 28. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Smyrnium cordifolium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.
Euro+Med 2006 onwards: Smyrnium cordifolium in Euro+Med PlantBase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 28.

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