Fine Art

Stenocarpus sinuatus

Stenocarpus sinuatus

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Proteales

Familia: Proteaceae
Subfamilia: Grevilleoideae
Tribus: Embothrieae
Subtribus: Stenocarpinae
Genus: Stenocarpus
Species: Stenocarpus sinuatus

Stenocarpus sinuatus Endl.

Gen. pl. suppl. 4(2):88. 1848
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Stenocarpus sinuatus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
dansk: euerradbaum
Deutsch: Feuerradbaum
English: firewheel tree

Stenocarpus sinuatus, known as the firewheel tree, is an Australian rainforest tree in the family Proteaceae. The range of natural distribution is in various rainforest types from the Nambucca River (30° S) in New South Wales to the Atherton Tableland (17° S) in tropical Queensland. Stenocarpus sinuatus is widely planted as an ornamental tree in other parts of Australia and in different parts of the world.

Other common names include the white beefwood, Queensland firewheel tree, tulip flower, white oak and white silky oak.


A medium to large tree, up to 40 metres tall and 75 cm in trunk diameter. The bark is greyish brown, not smooth and irregular. The base of the cylindrical trunk is flanged.

Leaves alternate and variable in shape, simple or pinnatifid, the leaf margins wavy. 12 to 20 cm long. Leaf venation is clearly seen above and below the leaf. Leaves are characteristic and easily identified as part of the Protea family.

The ornamental flowers are bright red in umbels, in a circular formation, hence the name Firewheel Tree. Flowers form mostly between February to March. The fruit is a follicle, in a boat shape, 5 to 10 cm long. Inside are many thin seeds 12 mm long. Fruit matures from January to July.

Regeneration from fresh seed occurs speedily. Cuttings also strike well.

A popular ornamental tree
In art

The flower (as Wheel Flower) is the subject of some of Margaret Preston's most popular prints

"Stenocarpus sinuatus". Australian Plant Name Index, IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.

Endlicher, S.F.L. (1848), Genera Plantarum Secundum Ordines Naturales Disposita Suppl. 4: 88

Floyd, A. G. (1989). Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia (1st ed.). Port Melbourne: Elsevier Australia - Inkata Imprint, copyright Forestry Commission of New South Wales (published 1 December 1989). p. 298. ISBN 0-909605-57-2. Retrieved 21 June 2009. (other publication details, included in citation)
Stenocarpus sinuatus at NSW Flora Online Retrieved 21 June 2009
"Stenocarpus sinuatus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.

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