Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Thermopsideae
Genus: Thermopsis
Sectiones: T. sect. Archithermopsis – T. sect. Pseudothermia – T. sect. Thermia – T. sect. Thermopsidella – T. sect. Thermopsis


T. alpina – T. alterniflora – T. barbata – T. bargusinensis – T. californica – T. chinensis – T. dahurica – T. dolichocarpa – T. gracilis – T. gyirongensis – T. hirsutissima – T. inflata – T. jacutica – T. lanceolata – T. macrophylla – T. mollis – T. mongolica – T. montana – T. przewalskii – T. rhombifolia – T. robusta – T. schischkinii – T. smithiana – T. turkestanica – T. villosa – T. yushuensis
Source(s) of checklist:

Thermopsis R.Br. ex W.T.Aiton (1811)

Type species: T. lupinoides (L.) Link


Drepilia Raf., New Fl. Am. 2: 52 (1836)
Scolobus Raf., Journ. Phys. 89: 259 (1819)
Thermia Nutt., Gen. Am. 1: 282 (1818)
Vuralia Uysal & Ertugrul, Pl. Syst. Evol. 300(7): 1630 (2014)


Brown, R. in Aiton, W.T. 1811. Hortus Kewensis; or, a Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew ed. 2. 3: 3.

Additional references

Sa, R., Chen J.C., Li P.C. 2000. The phytogeographical studies of Thermopsis (Leguminosae). Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 38: 148–166 [1].


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Thermopsis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Thermopsis. Published online. Accessed: Jun 07 2021. 2021. Thermopsis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 07.
Hassler, M. 2021. Thermopsis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 07. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. (Thermopsis). Thermopsis (Fabaceae). Accessed: 07 Jun 2021.

Vernacular names
English: mountain pea, goldenbanner
suomi: Revonpavut
русский: Термопсис
тоҷикӣ: Афсонак

Thermopsis is a genus of legumes, native to temperate North America and east Asia.[2] They are herbaceous perennials and are known as goldenbanners[2] or false-lupines.

Thermopsis comprises the following species:[3][4][5][6]

Thermopsis alpina (Pall.) Ledeb.
Thermopsis alterniflora Regel & Schmalh.
Thermopsis barbata Benth.
Thermopsis bargusinensis Czefr.
Thermopsis californica S. Watson—western North America
var. argentata (Greene) C.J.Chen & B.L.Turner
var. californica S. Watson
Thermopsis chinensis S. Moore
Thermopsis dahurica Czefr.
Thermopsis divaricarpa A. Nelson—Rocky Mountains of North America
Thermopsis dolichocarpa V.A. Nikitin
Thermopsis fraxinifolia (Torr. & A. Gray) M.A. Curtis—eastern North America
Thermopsis gracilis Howell—western North America
Thermopsis gyirongensis S.Q. Wei
Thermopsis inflata Cambess.
Thermopsis jacutica Czefr.
Thermopsis lanceolata R. Br.
var. glabra (Czefr.) Kurbatski
var. lanceolata R. Br.
Thermopsis longicarpa N. Ulziykh.
Thermopsis lupinoides (L.) Link—Siberia to Japan[7][8][9]
Thermopsis macrophylla Hook. & Arn.—western North America
Thermopsis mollis (Michx.) A. Gray—eastern North America
Thermopsis mongolica Czefr.
Thermopsis montana Torr. & A. Gray—Rocky Mountains of North America
var. montana Torr. & A. Gray
var. ovata (Piper) St.John
Thermopsis przewalskii Czefr.
Thermopsis rhombifolia (Pursh) Richardson—Rocky Mountains of North America
Thermopsis robusta Howell—western North America
Thermopsis schischkinii Czefr.[10]
Thermopsis smithiana E. Peter
Thermopsis turkestanica Gand.
Thermopsis villosa (Walter) Fernald & B.G. Schub.—eastern North America
Thermopsis yunnanensis (Franch.) P.C. Li
Thermopsis yushuensis S.Q. Wei

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status

The status of the following species is unresolved:[6]

Thermopsis corgonensis DC.
Thermopsis gorgonensis Walp.
Thermopsis mollis (Michx.) M.A. Curtis & A. Gray
Thermopsis sauensis C.Y. Yang


Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Weakley AS (April 2008). "Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and Surrounding Areas".
Chen CJ, Mendenhall MG, Turner BL (1994). "Taxonomy of Thermopsis (Fabaceae) in North America" (PDF). Ann Missouri Bot Gard. 81 (4): 714–742. doi:10.2307/2399917. hdl:2152/31128. JSTOR 2399917.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Thermopsis". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Thermopsis". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
"The Plant List entry for Thermopsis". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
"Thermopsis lupinoides". CalPhotos. UC Regents. 1995–2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
"Thermopsis lupinoides (L.) Link.". Plants for a Future.
"Thermopsis lupinoides". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
Some sources treat Thermopsis schischkinii as a synonym of Thermopsis mongolica.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World