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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Cichoriinae
Genus: Tolpis
Species: T. azorica – T. barbata – T. calderae – T. capensis – T. coronopifolia – T. crassiuscula – T. crithmifolia – T. farinulosa – T. filiformis – T. glabrescens – T. laciniata – T. lagopoda – T. liouvillei – T. macrorhiza – T. mbalensis – T. nemoralis – T. proustii – T. staticifolia – T. succulenta – T. umbellata – T. virgata – T. webbii

Nothospecies: T. × grossii

Tolpis Adans. (1763)

Type species: T. barbata (L.) Gaertn.


Drepania Juss., Gen. 169. 1789.
Swertia Boehm. in Ludwig, Def. Gen., ed. Boehmer, 171. 1760, non L. (1753)

Calodonta Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. ser. 2, 7: 448. 1841
Tolpis sect. Schmidtia Moench, in ?


Fam. 2: 112, 612 (1763).
Nuttall, T. 1840. Descriptions of new species and genera of plants in the natural order of the Compositae, collected in a tour across the continent to the Pacific, a residence in Oregon, and a visit to the Sandwich Islands and upper California, during the years 1834 and 1835. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, held at Philadelphia, for promoting useful knowledge, n.s.[new series][ser. 2], 7: 283–453. BHL Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: فيقوع
English: Umbrella Milkwort
suomi: Keltasilmät, tolpikset, vaunikit
עברית: קיטה
magyar: Krisztusszem, szálkabúb
русский: Тольпис
svenska: Skäggfibblor

Tolpis is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.[2][3] It is native to Africa, Southern Europe, the Middle East and Macaronesia. Many species are limited to the Canary Islands.[4][5]


Tolpis × grossii Talavera
Tolpis azorica (Nutt.) P.Silva - Azores
Tolpis barbata (L.) Gaertn. - Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
Tolpis calderae Bolle - La Palma in Canary Islands
Tolpis capensis (L.) Sch.Bip. - Africa (from Ethiopia to Cape Province), Madagascar
Tolpis coronopifolia (Desf.) Biv. - La Palma + Gran Canaria + Tenerife in Canary Islands
Tolpis crassiuscula Svent. - Tenerife in Canary Islands
Tolpis crithmifolia DC.
Tolpis farinulosa (Webb) Walp. - Cape Verde
Tolpis filiformis DC.
Tolpis glabrescens Kämmer - Tenerife in Canary Islands
Tolpis laciniata (Sch.Bip.) - Tenerife + Gomera + La Palma + Hierro in Canary Islands
Tolpis lagopoda C.Sm. ex Link - Canary Islands
Tolpis liouvillei Braun-Blanq. & Maire - Morocco
Tolpis macrorhiza (Lowe) Lowe - Madeira
Tolpis mbalensis G.V.Pope - Malawi, Zambia
Tolpis nemoralis Font Quer - Spain, Morocco
Tolpis proustii Pit. - Gomera + Hierro in Canary Islands
Tolpis staticifolia (All.) Sch.Bip. - south-central Europe from Germany to Albania
Tolpis succulenta Lowe - Azores, Madeira
Tolpis umbellata Bertol. - Mediterranean from Azores to Palestine
Tolpis virgata (Desf.) Bertol. - Mediterranean + Middle East from Corsica to Yemen
Tolpis webbii Sch.Bip. - Gomera + Tenerife in Canary Islands


Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
Adanson, Michel. 1763. Familles des Plantes 2: 112, 612. in French
Tropicos, Tolpis Adans.
Crawford, D. J. (2010). Mixed mating in the ‘obligately outcrossing’ Tolpis (Asteraceae) of the Canary Islands. Plant Species Biology 25:2 114-19.
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Tolpis includes photos plus distribution maps
The Plant List search for Tolpis
Crawford, D. J., et al. (2006). Allozyme diversity within and divergence among species of Tolpis (Asteraceae-Lactuceae) in the Canary Islands: Systematic, evolutionary, and biogeographical implications. Am J Bot 93 656-64.

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