Fine Art

Viburnum acerifolium

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Dipsacales

Familia: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: Viburnum acerifolium

Viburnum acerifolium L., 1753

Viburnum acerifolium var. densiflorum (Chapm.) McAtee
Viburnum acerifolium var. glabrescens Rehder
Viburnum acerifolium var. ovatum (Rehder) McAtee
Viburnum densiflorum Chapm.


Viburnum acerifolium Bong. = Viburnum edule (Michx.) Raf.
Viburnum acerifolium Gueldenst. ex Ledeb. = Viburnum orientale Pall.

Native distribution areas:
Viburnum acerifolium

Continental: Northern America
USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia), Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 268. Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2018. Viburnum acerifolium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jun. 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Viburnum acerifolium. Published online. Accessed: Jun. 28 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Viburnum acerifolium in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jun. 28. 2018. Viburnum acerifolium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jun. 28.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Viburnum acerifolium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
English: Dockmackie, Maple-leaf Viburnum
italiano: Viburno

Viburnum acerifolium, the mapleleaf viburnum, maple-leaved arrowwood[2] or dockmackie,[3] is a species of Viburnum, native to eastern North America from southwestern Quebec and Ontario south to northern Florida and eastern Texas.[4] It is adapted for USDA hardiness zones of 4 to 8.


It is a shrub growing to 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall. The leaves are in opposite pairs, 5–10 centimetres (2.0–3.9 in) long and broad, three- to five-lobed, the lobes with a serrated margin, and the leaf surface has a fuzzy texture. There is a diverse manifestation of autumn color with this species from pale yellow to bright yellow to orange or pink, rose, or red-purple depending on the light exposure and weather conditions. The flowers are white with five small petals, produced in terminal cymes 4–8 centimetres (1.6–3.1 in) diameter. The fruit is a small red to purple-black drupe 4–8 mm (about 1/3") long. It attracts butterflies and birds. Viburnum acerifolium is a larval host to the Celastrina ladon butterfly. It grows in and around upland forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils. It grows mostly in acid soil of pH 5.0 to 6.5, but can tolerate up to 7.5. The shrub often suckers and can form a colony in time.


Viburnum acerifolium is found in such US states as Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island New York and Vermont[5] as well as Illinois, Wisconsin, Florida, Arkansas and Texas.[6]


Landscape architects and designers have often recommended it for shady, dry locations for several decades, but it is only sold at a few very large, diverse nurseries or specialty or native plant nurseries and is not generally well known in the trade or with homeowners.


The species' flowers are known for production of nectar and pollen which are then carried by the bee species from Andrenidae and Halictidae families as well as flies from the Empididae and Syrphidae families. The flowers also attract beetles, wasps and various butterflies (including skippers).[7]

The berries are gobbled down by various mammals including skunks, rabbits, deer,[6] the eastern chipmunk, white-footed mouse and deer mice. C. acerifolium also attracts various aphids, such as Viburnum leaf beetle, the wood-boring larvae of Oberea deficiens and Oberea tripunctata.[7]

The scientific and common names refer to the superficial similarity of the leaves to those of some maples (Acer); the plant is occasionally mistaken for young maples, but is readily distinguished by the flowers and fruit; the viburnum produces small, purple berries, while maples produce dry, winged seeds.
Showing fall foliage and drupes in Massachusetts

The black berries, available from late summer to autumn, can be made into jam.[8]

"Viburnum acerifolium". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
"Maple-leaved viburnum". Tree Morton Arboretum. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
"Viburnum acerifolium". University of Connecticut. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
"Viburnum acerifolium". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
"Viburnum acerifolium L." New England Wild. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
"Viburnum acerifolium L." (PDF). NRCS. USDA. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
"Maple-Leaved Viburnum". Illinois Wild Flowers. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
Niering, William A.; Olmstead, Nancy C. (1985) [1979]. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers, Eastern Region. Knopf. p. 451. ISBN 0-394-50432-1.

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