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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Menyanthaceae
Genus: Villarsia
Species: V. albiflora – V. calthifolia – V. cambodiana – V. capensis – V. capitata – V. congestiflora – V. exaltata – V. excelsa – V. goldblattiana – V. grandifolia – V. lacunosa – V. lasiosperma – V. latifolia – V. manningiana – V. marchantii – V. parnassifolia – V. reniformis – V. submersa – V. trachysperma – V. umbricola – V. violifolia
Name

Villarsia Vent., 1803, nom. cons.
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Renealmia Houtt., Natuurl. Hist. 2(8): 335. 1777, nom. illeg. non L. (1753) nom. rej., nec L.f. (1782) nom. cons.

Notes

Homonym
Villarsia J.F.Gmel. (1791), nom. rej.

References

Ventenat, É.P. 1803. Choix de Plantes t. 9.

Villarsia is a genus of aquatic flowering plants in the family Menyanthaceae. The genus is named for the French botanist Dominique Villars (1745–1814). Villarsia are wetland plants with basal leaves. The inflorescence is a branched panicle with numerous flowers. Flowers are five-parted, either yellow or white, and the petals are adorned with wings. A number of its Australian species were reassigned to Ornduffia.[1]

Villarsia is largely restricted to Australia, but some species are found in Southeast Asia, and V. capensis and others exist in South Africa. The geographic distribution of species is given below:

South Africa:

Villarsia capensis (Houtt.) Merr.
Villarsia goldblattiana Ornduff
Villarsia manningiana Ornduff

Southeast Asia:

Villarsia cambodiana Hance (synonym: V. rhomboidalis Dop)

Eastern Australia:

Villarsia exaltata (Sol. ex Sims) G.Don (synonym: Liparophyllum exaltatum)

Western Australia:

Villarsia capitata Nees
Villarsia congestiflora F.Muell.
Villarsia lasiosperma F.Muell.
Villarsia latifolia Benth.
Villarsia violifolia F.Muell.

Notes

Keppel, Gunnar; Robinson, Todd P.; Wardell-Johnson, Grant W.; Yates, Colin J.; Van Niel, Kimberly P.; Byrne, Margaret; Schut, Antonius G. T. (2017). "A low-altitude mountain range as an important refugium for two narrow endemics in the Southwest Australian Floristic Region biodiversity hotspot". Annals of Botany. 119 (2): 289–300. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw182. PMC 5321060. PMID 27634576.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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