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# Mathematics Encyclopedia

# G

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -

0 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9

G-expectation

G-fibration

G-function

G-measure

G-module

G-network

G-prior

G-ring

G-spectrum

G-structure on a manifold

G-test

Gabbay's separation theorem

Gabon Mathematical Society

Gabor atom

Gabor filter

Gabor limit

Gabor transform

Gabor wavelet

Gabor–Wigner transform

Gabow's algorithm

Gabriel graph

Gabriel–Popescu theorem

Gabriel–Rosenberg reconstruction theorem

Gabriel's Horn

Gabriel's theorem

Gadget (computer science)

GADV-protein world hypothesis

Gagliardo–Nirenberg interpolation inequality

Gain graph

Gain group

Gal's accurate tables

Galactic algorithm

Gale diagram

Galerkin method

Galilean transformation

Galilei-covariant tensor formulation

Galileo's paradox

Gall–Peters projection

Gallagher Index

Gallai–Edmonds decomposition

Gallai–Hasse–Roy–Vitaver theorem

Gallery of curves

Gallery of named graphs

Galley division

Galois field

Galois cohomology

Galois connection

Galois extension

Galois/Counter Mode

Galton–Watson process

Galton's problem

Gambler's conceit

Gambler's fallacy

Gambler's ruin

Gambling and information theory

Gambling mathematics

Game complexity

Game of chance

Game semantics

Game-theoretic rough sets

Game theory

Game Theory Society

Game tree

Game without a value

Gamma matrices

Gamma number

Gamma-object

Gamma process

Gamma/Gompertz distribution

Gammoid

Gan–Gross–Prasad conjecture

Ganea conjecture

Gantt chart

GAP (computer algebra system)

Gap-Hamming problem

Gap reduction

Gap theorem

Gap theorem (disambiguation)

GapP

Garden of Archimedes

Garden of Eden pattern

Gårding domain

Gårding's inequality

Gardner equation

Gardner–Salinas braille codes

Gardner's relation

Garnir relations

Garsia–Wachs algorithm

Gassmann triple

Gateaux derivative

Gathering 4 Gardner

Gauge covariant derivative

Gauge function

Gauge group (mathematics)

Gauge theory

Gauge theory (mathematics)

Gauge theory gravity

Gauged supergravity

Gauss-Codazzi equations (relativity)

Gauss–Hermite quadrature

Gauss iterated map

Gauss–Jacobi quadrature

Gauss–Kronrod quadrature formula

Gauss–Kuzmin distribution

Gauss–Kuzmin–Wirsing operator

Gauss–Laguerre quadrature

Gauss Lectureship

Gauss–Legendre algorithm

Gauss–Legendre method

Gauss–Legendre quadrature

Gauss lemniscate function

Gauss–Lucas theorem

Gauss–Manin connection

Gauss map

Gauss map (disambiguation)

Gauss–Markov

Gauss–Markov process

Gauss notation

Gauss–Seidel method

Gauss sum

Gauss's constant

Gauss's continued fraction

Gauss's diary

Gauss's inequality

Gauss's law

Gauss's law for gravity

Gauss's lemma

Gauss's lemma (number theory)

Gauss's lemma (polynomial)

Gauss's lemma (Riemannian geometry)

Gauss's Pythagorean right triangle proposal

Gaussian binomial coefficient

Gaussian correlation inequality

Gaussian free field

Gaussian function

Gaussian integral

Gaussian isoperimetric inequality

Gaussian logarithm

Gaussian measure

Gaussian moat

Gaussian noise

Gaussian period

Gaussian polar coordinates

Gaussian prime

Gaussian process

Gaussian process approximations

Gaussian process emulator

Gaussian q-distribution

Gaussian quadrature

Gaussian quantum Monte Carlo

Gaussian random field

Gaussian rational

Gaussian surface

GCD domain

Geary's C

Gegenbauer polynomials

GEH

Gelfand–Fuks cohomology

Gelfand–Graev representation

Gelfand–Kirillov dimension

Gelfand–Mazur theorem

Gelfand–Naimark–Segal construction

Gelfand–Naimark theorem

Gelfand pair

Gelfand–Raikov theorem

Gelfand representation

Gelfand ring

Gelfand–Shilov space

Gelfand–Zeitlin integrable system

Gelfond–Schneider constant

Gelfond–Schneider theorem

Gelfond's constant

Gell-Mann and Low theorem

Gell-Mann matrices

Gell-Mann–Okubo mass formula

Genaille–Lucas rulers

Gene expression programming

Gene prediction

Genealogical numbering systems

General Algebraic Modeling System

General antilogarithm

General covariance

General covariant transformations

General elephant

General existence theorem of discontinuous maps

General frame

General hypergeometric function

General Leibniz rule

General linear group

General linear methods

General linear model

General model theory

General number field sieve

General position

General regression neural network

General relativity

General Relativity and Gravitation

General semilinear group

General set theory

General topology

Generalised circle

Generalised hyperbolic distribution

Generalised likelihood uncertainty estimation

Generalised logistic function

Generalised metric

Generalised Whitehead product

Generality of algebra

Generalizability theory

Generalization error

Generalizations of Fibonacci numbers

Generalizations of Pauli matrices

Generalizations of the derivative

Generalized additive model

Generalized additive model for location, scale and shape

Generalized Appell polynomials

Generalized arithmetic progression

Generalized assignment problem

Generalized beta distribution

Generalized canonical correlation

Generalized chi-squared distribution

Generalized Clifford algebra

Generalized Cohen–Macaulay ring

Generalized complex structure

Generalized conic

Generalized continued fraction

Generalized coordinates

Generalized dihedral group

Generalized Dirichlet distribution

Generalized distributive law

Generalized eigenvector

Generalized entropy index

Generalized estimating equation

Generalized extreme value distribution

Generalized f-mean

Generalized filtering

Generalized Fitting subgroup

Generalized flag variety

Generalized Fourier series

Generalized function

Generalized game

Generalized gamma distribution

Generalized Gauss–Bonnet theorem

Generalized Gauss–Newton method

Generalized helicoid

Generalized Helmholtz theorem

Generalized hypergeometric function

Generalized integer gamma distribution

Generalized inverse

Generalized inverse Gaussian distribution

Generalized iterative scaling

Generalized Jacobian

Generalized Korteweg–de Vries equation

Generalized least squares

Generalized lifting

Generalized linear array model

Generalized linear mixed model

Generalized linear model

Generalized logistic distribution

Generalized Lotka–Volterra equation

Generalized map

Generalized mean

Generalized method of moments

Generalized minimal residual method

Generalized minimum-distance decoding

Generalized multidimensional scaling

Generalized multivariate log-gamma distribution

Generalized normal distribution

Generalized Ozaki cost function

Generalized p-value

Generalized Pareto distribution

Generalized permutation matrix

Generalized Petersen graph

Generalized Pochhammer symbol

Generalized Poincaré conjecture

Generalized polygon

Generalized Procrustes analysis

Generalized quadrangle

Generalized quantifier

Generalized randomized block design

Generalized Riemann hypothesis

Generalized semi-infinite programming

Generalized singular value decomposition

Generalized spectrogram

Generalized star height problem

Generalized-strain mesh-free formulation

Generalized structure tensor

Generalized symmetric group

Generalized taxicab number

Generalized trigonometry

Generalized variance

Generalized Verma module

Generalized Wiener process

Generated regressor

Generating function transformation

Generating set of a group

Generating set of a module

Generation of primes

Generator (category theory)

Generator (mathematics)

Generator matrix

Generic-case complexity

Generic filter

Generic flatness

Generic logarithm

Generic matrix ring

Generic point

Generic polynomial

Generic property

Genetic algorithm

Genetic algorithms in economics

Genetic assignment methods

Genetic method

Genetic operator

Genetic programming

Genocchi prime

Genomic control

Gentleman's Diary

Gentzen's consistency proof

Genus (mathematics)

Genus character

Genus–degree formula

Genus field

Genus g surface

Genus of a multiplicative sequence

Genus theory

Geoboard

Geodemographic segmentation

Geodesic bicombing

Geodesic convexity

Geodesic curvature

Geodesic deviation

Geodesic dome

Geodesic grid

Geodesic manifold

Geodesic map

Geodesics as Hamiltonian flows

Geodesics on an ellipsoid

Geodetic datum

GeoGebra

Geomathematics

Geometric algebra

Geometric algebra (disambiguation)

Geometric analysis

Geometric and Functional Analysis

Geometric Brownian motion

Geometric calculus

Geometric class field theory

Geometric combinatorics

Geometric complexity theory

Geometric data analysis

Geometric design

Geometric distribution

Geometric Exercises in Paper Folding

Geometric finiteness

Geometric flow

Geometric Folding Algorithms

Geometric function theory

Geometric genus

Geometric graph theory

Geometric group action

Geometric group theory

Geometric–harmonic mean

Geometric hashing

Geometric integration

Geometric integrator

Geometric invariant theory

Geometric Langlands correspondence

Geometric lattice

Geometric magic square

Geometric mean theorem

Geometric measure theory

Geometric mechanics

Geometric median

Geometric model

Geometric modeling

Geometric phase analysis

Geometric Poisson distribution

Geometric primitive

Geometric probability

Geometric process

Geometric programming

Geometric progression

Geometric quantization

Geometric quotient

Geometric separator

Geometric set cover problem

Geometric Shapes

Geometric spanner

Geometric stable distribution

Geometric standard deviation

Geometric terms of location

Geometric tomography

Geometric topology

Geometric topology (object)

Geometric transformation

Geometrical optics

Geometrical properties of polynomial roots

Geometrically (algebraic geometry)

Geometrically and materially nonlinear analysis with imperfections included

Geometrically regular ring

Geometrization theorem

Geometrography

Geometrothermodynamics

Geometry and the Imagination

Geometry Center

Geometry Expert

Geometry Festival

Geometry From Africa

Geometry from the Land of the Incas

Geometry of binary search trees

Geometry of Complex Numbers

Geometry of interaction

Geometry Prize

Geometry processing

Geometry template

Geopotential model

George Szekeres Medal

Georges Matheron Lectureship

Georgian numerals

GEOS circle

Geospatial topology

Gerbaldi's theorem

Gerbe

Germ (mathematics)

German Mathematical Society

German tank problem

Geroch's splitting theorem

Geronimus polynomials

Gershgorin circle theorem

Gesellschaft für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik

Gesellschaft für Didaktik der Mathematik

GetFEM++

GEUP

Gevrey class

Gewirtz graph

GF(2)

Ghost Leg

GI (complexity)

GI-complete

Giannini code

Giant component

Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem

Gibbons–Hawking ansatz

Gibbons–Hawking space

Gibbs algorithm

Gibbs–Helmholtz equation

Gibbs lemma

Gibbs measure

Gibbs paradox

Gibbs phenomenon

Gibbs sampling

Gibbs state

Gibbs' inequality

Gibbs' phase rule

Gieseking manifold

Gift wrapping algorithm

Gifted (2017 film)

Gigantic prime

Gijswijt's sequence

Gilbert–Johnson–Keerthi distance algorithm

Gilbert–Shannon–Reeds model

Gilbert–Varshamov bound

Gilbert–Varshamov bound for linear codes

Gilbert Wheeler Beebe

Gilbreath's conjecture

Gillespie algorithm

Gillies' conjecture

Gimel function

Gini coefficient

Gini coefficient

Giraud subcategory

Girih tiles

Girsanov theorem

Girth (functional analysis)

Girth (geometry)

Girth (graph theory)

Girvan–Newman algorithm

GIT quotient

Gittins index

Givens rotation

GJMS operator

GKM variety

GL(n,C)

Glaeser's composition theorem

Glaeser's continuity theorem

Glagolitic numerals

Glaisher–Kinkelin constant

Glaisher's theorem

Glasgow Mathematical Journal

Glass tile

Glasser's master theorem

Glauber dynamics

Glazed architectural terra-cotta

Gleason's theorem

Glejser test

Glennie's identity

Glide plane

Glide reflection

GLIMMER

Glissette

Glivenko–Cantelli theorem

Glivenko's theorem

Glivenko's theorem (probability theory)

Glixon code

Global analysis

Global analytic function

Global cascades model

Global Digital Mathematics Library

Global dimension

Global element

Global field

Global mode

Global optimization

Global symmetry

Globular set

Glossary of algebraic geometry

Glossary of algebraic topology

Glossary of areas of mathematics

Glossary of arithmetic and diophantine geometry

Glossary of category theory

Glossary of classical algebraic geometry

Glossary of classical physics

Glossary of commutative algebra

Glossary of cryptographic key types

Glossary of differential geometry and topology

Glossary of experimental design

Glossary of field theory

Glossary of functional analysis

Glossary of game theory

Glossary of graph theory terms

Glossary of group theory

Glossary of invariant theory

Glossary of Lie groups and Lie algebras

Glossary of mathematics

Glossary of module theory

Glossary of order theory

Glossary of Principia Mathematica

Glossary of probability and statistics

Glossary of representation theory

Glossary of Riemannian and metric geometry

Glossary of ring theory

Glossary of set theory

Glossary of shapes with metaphorical names

Glossary of symplectic geometry

Glossary of systems theory

Glossary of tensor theory

Glossary of topology

Glottochronology

Glove problem

Glowworm swarm optimization

Gluing axiom

Gluing schemes

Gnomon (figure)

Gnomonic projection

GNRS conjecture

Go and mathematics

Goal node (computer science)

Goal programming

Goat problem

Göbel's sequence

God

God Created the Integers

God's algorithm

Goddard–Thorn theorem

Gödel logic

Gödel numbering

Gödel numbering for sequences

Gödel operation

Gödel Prize

Gödel's β function

Gödel's completeness theorem

Gödel's incompleteness theorems

Gödel's speed-up theorem

Gödel, Escher, Bach

Godement resolution

Godunov's scheme

Godunov's theorem

Goertzel algorithm

Goguryeo numerals

Goharshad Mosque

Going up and going down

Golagrama

Golay code

Gold code

Goldbach–Euler theorem

Goldbach's comet

Goldbach's conjecture

Goldbach's weak conjecture

Goldberg–Coxeter construction

Goldberg polyhedron

Goldberg–Seymour conjecture

Goldbeter–Koshland kinetics

Golden ratio

Golden ratio base

Golden rhombus

Golden-section search

Golden–Thompson inequality

Golden triangle (mathematics)

Goldfeld–Quandt test

Goldner–Harary graph

Goldstine theorem

Goldstone boson

Golod–Shafarevich theorem

Golomb coding

Golomb–Dickman constant

Golomb graph

Golomb ruler

Gömböc

Gomory–Hu tree

Gompertz distribution

Gompertz–Makeham law of mortality

Gonality of an algebraic curve

Gongsun Long

Goniometric function

Good cover (algebraic topology)

Good filtration

Good prime

Good spanning tree

Good–Turing frequency estimation

Good Will Hunting

Goodman and Kruskal's gamma

Goodman and Kruskal's lambda

Goodman–Nguyen–van Fraassen algebra

Goodman relation

Goodness of fit

Goodwin–Staton integral

Google matrix

Goormaghtigh conjecture

Gopakumar–Vafa conjecture

Gopakumar–Vafa invariant

Goppa code

Gordan's lemma

Gordon–Newell theorem

Gore (segment)

Gorenstein ring

Gorenstein scheme

Gosper curve

Gosper's algorithm

Goss zeta function

Gossard perspector

Gosset–Elte figures

Gosset graph

GotoBLAS

Gottlieb polynomials

Goudreau Museum of Mathematics in Art and Science

Gould polynomials

Gould's sequence

Goursat tetrahedron

Goursat's lemma

Gowers norm

Grace–Walsh–Szegő theorem

Graceful labeling

Grad operator

Grad–Shafranov equation

Grade (slope)

Graded (mathematics)

Graded category

Graded-commutative ring

Graded Lie algebra

Graded manifold

Graded poset

Graded ring

Graded-symmetric algebra

Graded vector space

Gradian

Gradient

Gradient conjecture

Gradient descent

Gradient discretisation method

Gradient-like dynamical systems

Gradient-like vector field

Gradient method

Gradient pattern analysis

Gradient-related

Gradient theorem

Gradsect

Gradshteyn and Ryzhik

Graduate Studies in Mathematics

Graduate Texts in Mathematics

Graduated optimization

Graeffe's method

Graftal

Graham–Pollak theorem

Graham–Rothschild theorem

Graham scan

Graham's number

Grauert–Riemenschneider vanishing theorem

Great 120-cell

Great 120-cell honeycomb

Great circle

Great-circle distance

Great complex icosidodecahedron

Great cubicuboctahedron

Great deltoidal hexecontahedron

Great deltoidal icositetrahedron

Great Deluge algorithm

Great dirhombicosidodecacron

Great dirhombicosidodecahedron

Great disdyakis dodecahedron

Great disnub dirhombidodecahedron

Great ditrigonal dodecacronic hexecontahedron

Great ditrigonal dodecicosidodecahedron

Great ditrigonal icosidodecahedron

Great dodecacronic hexecontahedron

Great dodecahedron

Great dodecahemicosahedron

Great dodecahemidodecacron

Great dodecahemidodecahedron

Great dodecicosacron

Great dodecicosahedron

Great dodecicosidodecahedron

Great duoantiprism

Great ellipse

Great grand 120-cell

Great grand stellated 120-cell

Great hexacronic icositetrahedron

Great hexagonal hexecontahedron

Great icosacronic hexecontahedron

Great icosahedral 120-cell

Great icosahedron

Great icosicosidodecahedron

Great icosidodecahedron

Great icosihemidodecacron

Great icosihemidodecahedron

Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search

Great inverted snub icosidodecahedron

Great pentagrammic hexecontahedron

Great pentakis dodecahedron

Great retrosnub icosidodecahedron

Great rhombic triacontahedron

Great rhombidodecacron

Great rhombidodecahedron

Great rhombihexahedron

Great snub dodecicosidodecahedron

Great snub icosidodecahedron

Great stellapentakis dodecahedron

Great stellated 120-cell

Great stellated dodecahedron

Great stellated truncated dodecahedron

Great triakis icosahedron

Great triakis octahedron

Great triambic icosahedron

Great truncated cuboctahedron

Great truncated icosidodecahedron

Greater-than sign

Greatest common divisor

Greatest element and least element

Greedoid

Greedy algorithm

Greedy algorithm for Egyptian fractions

Greedy coloring

Greedy embedding

Greedy geometric spanner

Greedy randomized adaptive search procedure

Greek letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering

Greek mathematics

Greek numerals

Green formula

Green-Kubo relations

Green measure

Green–Tao theorem

Green's function

Green's function (many-body theory)

Green's function for the three-variable Laplace equation

Green's function number

Green's identities

Green's matrix

Green's relations

Greenberg's conjecture

Greenberg's conjectures

Greenwood Book

Greenwood statistic

Gregory coefficients

Gregory number

Greninger chart

Gresham Professor of Geometry

Gretl

Grey box model

Grid cell topology

Grid method multiplication

Griesmer bound

Griess algebra

Griewank function

Griffiths group

Griffiths inequality

Grigorchuk group

GRIM test

Grimm's conjecture

Grinberg's theorem

Gröbner fan

Gromov boundary

Gromov–Hausdorff convergence

Gromov norm

Gromov product

Gromov–Witten invariant

Gromov's compactness theorem

Gromov's compactness theorem (geometry)

Gromov's compactness theorem (topology)

Gromov's filling conjecture

Gromov's inequality for complex projective space

Gromov's systolic inequality for essential manifolds

Gromov's theorem on groups of polynomial growth

Gross (unit)

Gross–Koblitz formula

Grosshans subgroup

Grothendieck, AlexanderGrothendieck's Galois theoryGrothendieck existence theorem

Grothendieck category

Grothendieck connection

Grothendieck construction

Grothendieck duality

Grothendieck existence theorem

Grothendieck group

Grothendieck inequality

Grothendieck–Katz p-curvature conjecture

Grothendieck local duality

Grothendieck–Ogg–Shafarevich formula

Grothendieck–Riemann–Roch theorem

Grothendieck space

Grothendieck spectral sequence

Grothendieck–Teichmüller group

Grothendieck topology

Grothendieck trace formula

Grothendieck universe

Grothendieck's connectedness theorem

Grothendieck's Galois theory

Grothendieck's relative point of view

Grothendieck's Tôhoku paper

Grötzsch graph

Grötzsch's theorem

Ground axiom

Ground expression

Ground field

Groundwater energy balance

Groundwater flow equation

Group (mathematics)

Group action

Group actions in computational anatomy

Group algebra

Group algebra of a locally compact group

Group code

Group cohomology

Group contraction

Group extension

Group family

Group functor

Group homomorphism

Group Hopf algebra

Group inverse

Group isomorphism

Group isomorphism problem

Group method of data handling

Group object

Group of GF(2)-type

Group of Lie type

Group of rational points on the unit circle

Group of symplectic type

Group representation

Group ring

Group scheme

Group-scheme action

Group-stack

Group structure and the axiom of choice

Group testing

Group theory

Group velocity

Group with operators

Grouped Dirichlet distribution

Groupoid

Groupoid algebra

Groupoid object

Groups, Geometry, and Dynamics

Grover's algorithm

Growth curve

Growth curve (statistics)

Growth elasticity of poverty

Growth function

Growth rate (group theory)

Grubbs's test for outliers

Grünbaum–Rigby configuration

Grundlagen der Mathematik

Grundy number

Grundy's game

Grundzüge der Mengenlehre

Grunsky matrix

Grunsky's inequalities

Grunsky's theorem

Grünwald–Letnikov derivative

Grunwald–Wang theorem

Grushko theorem

Grzegorczyk hierarchy

GStat

Guard digit

Group of symplectic typeGroup theory

Gudermannian function

Gudkov's conjecture

Guess value

Guesstimate

Guide to Available Mathematical Software

Guided Local Search

Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education

Guillotine problem

Gujarati numerals

Gullstrand–Painlevé coordinates

Gumbel distribution

Gun (cellular automaton)

Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize

Gurmukhi numerals

Guruswami–Sudan list decoding algorithm

Gutenberg–Richter law

Guttman scale

Guy Medal

Guyou hemisphere-in-a-square projection

Gy's sampling theory

Gyárfás–Sumner conjecture

Gyrate bidiminished rhombicosidodecahedron

Gyroelongated pentagonal bicupola

Gyroelongated pentagonal birotunda

Gyroelongated pentagonal cupola

Gyroelongated pentagonal cupolarotunda

Gyroelongated pentagonal pyramid

Gyroelongated pentagonal rotunda

Gyroelongated square dipyramid

Gyroelongated triangular bicupola

Gyroelongated triangular cupola

Gyrovector space

Gysin homomorphism