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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Staphyliniformia
Superfamilia: Staphylinoidea

Familia: Staphylinidae
Subfamilia: Staphylininae
Tribus: Staphylinini
Subtribus: Philonthina
Genus: Cafius
Species: C. aguayoi – C. algarum – C. algophilus – C. andamanensis – C. australis – C. bistriatus – C. bisulcatus – C. bryanti – C. canescens – C. caribeanus – C. catenatus – C. ceylonicus – C. cicatricosus – C. decipiens – C. flicki – C. fonticola – C. fucicola – C. histrio – C. lithocharinus – C. litoreus – C. luteipennis – C. maritimus – C. martini – C. mimulus – C. mutatus – C. nasutus – C. nauticus – C. nycticorax – C. opacus – C. pacificus – C. puncticeps – C. quadriimpressus – C. ragazzii – C. rufescens – C. rufifrons – C. sabulosus – C. seminitens – C. seriatus – C. subtilis – C. sulcicollis – C. velutinus – C. vestitus – C. xantholoma – C. zealandicus
Name

Cafius Stephens, 1829: 23

Type species: Staphylinus xantholoma Gravenhorst, 1806, fixed by monotypy.

Synonymy

Bryonomus Casey, 1885: 313
Type species: Philonthus canescens Mäklin, 1852, designated in Blackwelder, 1943: 435.
Cafius (Euremus) Blackwelder, 1943: 435 [validation of Euremus Bierig by designation of type species]
Type species: Philonthus bistriatus Erichson, 1840, fixed by original designation.
Cafius (Euremus) Bierig, 1934: 68 [nomen nudum, no type species designated]
Cafius (Ifacus) Blackwelder, 1952: 198 [new name for Philonthopsis Blackwelder (attrib. Koch)]
Type species: Cafius sabulosus Fauvel, 1877, fixed by autotypy
Cafius (Philonthopsis) Koch, C., 1936: 173 [preoccupied, not Philonthopsis Cameron 1932; nomen nudum, no type species designated]
Cafius (Philonthopsis) Blackwelder, 1943: 435 [validation of Philonthopsis Koch by designation of type species]
Type species: Cafius sabulosus Fauvel, 1877, fixed by original designation.
Platygonium Motschulsky, 1845: 40
Type species: Platygonium sculticeps Motschulsky, 1858, fixed by subsequent monotypy in Motschulsky, 1858: 649.
Cafius (Suborthidus) Coiffait, 1963: 20
Type species: Philonthus cicatricosus Erichson, 1840, fixed by monotypy.
Cafius (Pseudoremus) Blackwelder, 1943: 435 [validation of Pseudoremus Koch by designation of type species]
Type species: Philonthus lithocharinus LeConte, 1863, fixed by original designation.
Cafius (Pseudoremus) Koch, C., 1936: 175 [nomen nudum, no type species designated]

References
Primary references

Stephens, J.F. 1829: The nomenclature of British insects; being a compendious list of such species as are contained in the Systematic Catalogue of British Insects, and forming a guide to their classification, &c. &c. 68 pp. London: Baldwin and Cradock. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.51800 Reference page. [original description: p. 23]

Additional references

Frank, J.H.; Ahn, K.-J. 2011: Coastal Staphylinidae (Coleoptera): a worldwide checklist, biogeography and natural history. ZooKeys, 107: 1–98. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.107.1651
Jeon, M.-J.; Song, J.-H.; Ahn, K.J. 2012: Molecular phylogeny of the marine littoral genus Cafius (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Staphylininae) and implications for classification. Zoologica scripta, 41(2): 150–159. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00510.x

Cafius is a genus of relatively large rove beetles in the family Staphylinidae. There are about 8 described species in Cafius found in North America, and approaching 50 globally .[1][2]
Species

Cafius aguayoi Bierig, 1934
Cafius bistriatus Er.
Cafius canescens (Mäklin, 1852)
Cafius femoralis
Cafius lithocharinus (LeConte, 1863)
Cafius luteipennis Le Conte
Cafius nauticus (Fairmaire, 1849)
Cafius seminitens Horn
Cafius sulcicollis (LeConte, 1863)

References

"Cafius Genus: Information". BugGuide.net. Iowa State University. Retrieved 25 January 2018.

"Cafius Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 25 January 2018.

Further reading

NCBI Taxonomy Browser, Cafius
Arnett, R. H. Jr., and M. C. Thomas (eds.). (2001). American Beetles, Volume I: Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniaformia. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida ISBN 0-8493-1925-0.
Ross H. Arnett (30 July 2000). American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-0212-1.
Richard E. White. (1983). Peterson Field Guides: Beetles. Houghton Mifflin Company.

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