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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Odonatoptera
Cladus: Holodonata
Ordo: Odonata
Subordo: Epiprocta
Infraordo: Anisoptera
Superfamilia: Libelluloidea

Familia:Corduliidae
Subfamiliae: Cordulephyinae - Corduliinae - Gomphomacromiinae - Idionychinae - Idomacromiinae - Macromiinae - Neophyinae

Name

Corduliidae Selys, 1871
Vernacular names
Deutsch: Falkenlibellen
日本語: エゾトンボ科
한국어: 청동잠자리과
Nederlands: Glanslibellen
русский: Бабки

The Corduliidae, also knowns as the emeralds, emerald dragonflies or green-eyed skimmers, is a family of dragonflies. These dragonflies are usually black or dark brown with areas of metallic green or yellow, and most of them have large, emerald-green eyes. The larvae are black, hairy-looking, and usually semiaquatic. This family include species called "baskettails", "emeralds", "sundragons", "shadowdragons", and "boghaunters". They are not uncommon and are found nearly worldwide, but some individual species are quite rare. Hine's emerald dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana), for example, is an endangered species in the United States.
Selected genera

Some genera included in this family are:[1]

Aeschnosoma Selys, 1870
Antipodochlora Fraser, 1939 – Dusk dragonfly
Cordulia Leach, 1815 – American emeralds
Corduliochlora Marinov & Seidenbusch, 2007
Cordulisantosia Fleck & Costa, 2007
Dorocordulia Needham, 1901 – little emeralds
Epitheca Burmeister, 1839 – baskettails
Guadalca Kimmins, 1957
Helocordulia Needham, 1901 – sundragons
Hemicordulia Selys, 1870 - emeralds[2]
Heteronaias Needham & Gyger, 1937
Libellulosoma Martin, 1907
Metaphya Laidlaw, 1912 – emeralds[3]
Navicordulia Machado & Costa, 1995
Neurocordulia Selys, 1871 – shadowdragons
Paracordulia Martin, 1906
Pentathemis Karsch, 1890 – metallic tigerhawk[4]
Procordulia Martin, 1907 – emeralds[5]
Schizocordulia Machado, 2005
Somatochlora Selys, 1871 – striped emeralds
Williamsonia Davis, 1913 – boghaunters

References

Dennis Paulson; Martin Schorr; Cyrille Deliry. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 15 Feb 2022.
"Genus Hemicordulia Selys, 1870". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
"Genus Metaphya Laidlaw, 1912". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
"Genus Pentathemis Karsch, 1890". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
"Genus Procordulia Martin, 1907". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2017.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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