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Accipiter brachyurus

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Accipitriformes

Familia: Accipitridae
Genus: Accipiter
Species: Accipiter brachyurus
Name

Accipiter brachyurus (E.P. Ramsay, 1880)
Synonyms

Astur brachyurus (protonym)
References

The Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 4 p. 465
IUCN: Accipiter brachyurus (Vulnerable)

Vernacular names
العربية: باشق بريطانيا الجديدة
brezhoneg: Sparfell Preden-Nevez
català: Esparver menut de Nova Bretanya
čeština: Krahujec šedohřbetý
Cymraeg: Gwalch torchog Prydain Newydd
English: New Britain Sparrowhawk
Esperanto: Longfingra akcipitro
español: Azor chico de Nueva Bretaña
suomi: Nokilintuhaukka
français: Épervier de Nouvelle-Bretagne
Nederlands: New-britainsperwer
polski: Krogulec trójbarwny
svenska: bismarckhök
Türkçe: Yeni Britanya atmacası
українська: Яструб новобританський
Tiếng Việt: Cắt New Britain

The New Britain sparrowhawk (Accipiter brachyurus) is a threatened species of bird of prey. It is endemic to two Papua New Guinea islands, New Britain and New Ireland. Even in 1934 Ernst Mayr, in his survey of mountain bird life during the Whitney South Sea Expedition, found the New Britain sparrowhawk to be very rare.[2]

Description

These sparrowhawks are grey with a white underbelly and orange accents on the neck. They are often characterized by their large feet. They are the only hawk in New Britain or the Solomon Islands that has a middle toe that is longer than the rest.[2] The feet of the New Britain sparrowhawks are pale yellow. These small birds only grow to be 27–34 cm long.
Ecology

This species lives in tropical to subtropical, moist montane forest. The altitudes reach 1,200 to 1,800 m. New Britain sparrowhawks nest like other birds, where they raise their young. Very little is known about this species because it is so rare and the areas in which it lives have not been thoroughly studied.[3]

Conservation

it is estimated that the population is only between 1,000 and 2,499 individuals.[3] The main threat to the continued existence of this species is habitat destruction which has led to the birds' decline in lowland forests. The clearing of forest on the small islands leaves the species with less habitat, and a far less safe environment – leading to their vulnerability. No conservation measures are known to have been taken; however it has been proposed that surveys be made to assess population size and observe nests, as well as to map the remaining forest. There are also plans to lobby for large community-based conservation areas.[3]

References

Birdlife International Species Factsheet

BirdLife International (2012). "Accipiter brachyurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
Mayr, E.: "Birds Collected During the Whitney South Sea Expedition. XXVIII", page 1. American Museum of Novitates, 1934
IUCN

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