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Austen's Brown Hornbill

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Bucerotiformes

Familia: Bucerotidae
Genus: Anorrhinus
Species: Anorrhinus austeni
Subspecies: A. a. austeni - A. a. indochinensis
Name

Anorrhinus austeni Jerdon, 1872
References

Ibis - the International Journal of Avian Science, published by the British Ornithologists' Union p. 6

Vernacular names
বাংলা: অস্টিনের বাদামি ধনেশ
čeština: Zoborožec Austenův
Deutsch: Austenhornvogel
English: Austen's Brown Hornbill
svenska: Austennäshornsfågel
ไทย: นกเงือกสีน้ำตาลคอขาว

Austen's brown hornbill (Anorrhinus austeni) is a species of hornbill found in forests from northeastern India and south to Vietnam and northern Thailand. It is sometimes included as a subspecies of Tickell's brown hornbill.
Description
Austen's Brown Hornbill (male, showing white cheeks and throat)

It is a medium-sized hornbill, brown with white-tipped tail. The male has white cheeks and throat, pale creamy bill, and rufous-brown underparts. The female has a dark head and throat. It inhabits the deciduous and evergreen forests from lowland plains to edge of pine and oak forest in hills, but mainly in the hill forest. It feeds on fruit and small animals; its diet includes many species of fruits, together with many arthropods, also bats, snakes, lizards, snails, earthworms, and chicks and eggs of other birds. It occurs in territorial groups of 2–15.

It is a co-operative breeder, with a dominant breeding pair, male helpers and additional females.[3] [4] They nest in natural cavities or in old holes of the great slaty woodpecker. In India, the best place to see this species is the Namdapha National Park, Changlang District, Arunachal Pradesh.

The name commemorates the naturalist Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen.
References

BirdLife International (2018). "Anorrhinus austeni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22731941A131871758. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22731941A131871758.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
"Appendices | CITES". cites.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Witmer, Mark (1993). "Cooperative Breeding by Rufous Hornbills on Mindanao Island, Philippines" (PDF). The Auk. 110 (4): 933–936. doi:10.2307/4088652. JSTOR 4088652.
Aparajita Datta (2009). "Observations on Rufous-necked Aceros nipalensis and Austen's Brown Anorrhinus austeni Hornbills in Arunachal Pradesh: natural history, conservation status and Threats" (PDF). Indian Birds. 5 (4): 108–117.

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