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Anthracoceros malayanus

Anthracoceros malayanus, male (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Bucerotiformes

Familia: Bucerotidae
Genus: Anthracoceros
Species: Anthracoceros malayanus
Subspecies: A. m. deminutus - A. m. malayanus
Name

Anthracoceros malayanus (Raffles, 1822)
Protonym

Buceros Malayanus

Anthracoceros malayanus

Anthracoceros malayanus, female (*)

References

Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1) 13 p. 292
IUCN: Anthracoceros malayanus (Vulnerable)

Vernacular names
العربية: أبو قرن أسود
বাংলা: কালো ধনেশ
brezhoneg: Kalao du
català: Calau becfalçat cellut
čeština: Zoborožec malajský
Cymraeg: Cornbig du
Deutsch: Malaienhornvogel
English: Black Hornbill
فارسی: نوک‌شاخ سیاه
suomi: Mustasarvinokka
français: Calao charbonnier
עברית: קלאו שחור
magyar: Maláj szarvascsőrű
հայերեն: Սև թռչուն-ռնգեղջյուր
lietuvių: Juodasis ragasnapis
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Enggang Gatal Birah
Nederlands: Zwarte neushoornvogel
Diné bizaad: Tsídii bichʼahtsohí łizhinígíí
polski: Dzioborożec białodzioby
русский: Чёрная птица-носорог
svenska: svart näshornsfågel
ไทย: นกเงือกดำ
Tiếng Việt: Cao cát đen

The black hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) is a species of bird of the hornbill family Bucerotidae. It lives in Asia in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand.

The Black-casqued Hornbill has a selectiveness towards the environment and resources when it comes to reproduction. This organism will only start breeding and nesting when there is a large supply of fruits available, and in trees of larger size. When there are limited resources available, and may curtail nesting for years when there is a low availability of fruits(4). It is the major seed disperser for Durio graveolens, a species of durian.[3] The connection is strong enough to reflect in some of the common names for the fruit: The Kenyah and Dayak peoples call it durian anggang (lit. 'hornbill durian'),[4] and in Malay it is called durian burong/durian burung[5] (lit. 'durian bird'),[4]
Description
The male has a yellowish bill while the female has a dark grey bill.

References

BirdLife International (2018). "Anthracoceros malayanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22682441A132372259. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22682441A132372259.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
"Appendices | CITES". cites.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Lagan, Peter; Kitayama, Kanehiro (March 2008). "A Study of Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in Two Species of Durian (Durio, Bombacaceae) in Sabah, Malaysia". Biotropica. 40 (2): 255–258. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00335.x. ISSN 1744-7429. OCLC 5155811169. S2CID 82212472.
Kostermans, André Joseph Guillaume Henri (December 1958). Dilmy, A.; Van Steens, C. G. G. J. (eds.). "The Genus Durio Adans. (Bombac.)" (PDF). Reinwardtia. 4 (3): 91–95. doi:10.14203/reinwardtia.v4i3.1008 (inactive 28 February 2022). ISSN 2337-8824. OCLC 4142407. Retrieved 10 November 2017.

O'Gara, E.; Guest, D. I.; Hassan, N. M. (2004). "Occurrence, Distribution and Utilisation of Durian Germplasm" (PDF). In Drenth, A.; Guest, D. I. (eds.). Diversity and Management of Phytophthora in Southeast Asia ACIAR Monograph No. 114. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). pp. 187–193. ISBN 978-1-86320-405-7. Retrieved 9 November 2017.

Stauffer, Donald J.; Smith, Thomas B. (2004). "Breeding and nest site characteristics of the Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata and White-thighed Hornbill Ceratogymna cylindricus in south-central Cameroon". Ostrich. 75 (3): 79–88. doi:10.2989/00306520409485418. S2CID 76654062.

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