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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Thamnophilida

Familia: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Drymophila
Species: D. caudata – D. devillei – D. ferruginea – D. genei – D. hellmayri – D. klagesi – D. malura – D. ochropyga – D. rubricollis – D. squamata – D. striaticeps

Drymophila Swainson, 1824

Typus: Myiothera ferruginea Temminck, 1822 = Drymophila ferruginea

Primary references

Swainson, W.J., 1824. An Inquiry into the Natural Affinites of the Lanidae, or Shrikes; preceded by some Observations on the present state of Ornithology in this Country. Zoological Journal Vol.1:289-307. From March, 1824, to January, 1825. London. BHL Reference page. Original description p. 302 BHL

Additional references

Isler, M.L., Cuervo, A.M., Bravo, G.A. & Brumfield, R.T. 2012. An integrative approach to species-level systematics reveals the depth of diversification in an Andean thamnophilid, the Long-tailed Antbird. Condor 114: 571–583. Full article (PDF) DOI: 10.1525/cond.2012.120012Reference page.

Vernacular names
suomi: Pitkäpyrstömuurat

Drymophila is a bird genus in the antbird family (Thamnophilidae). It is a relative of the typical antwrens.

The genus Drymophila was introduced by the English naturalist William Swainson in 1824.[1] The type species is the ferruginous antbird.[2] The name of the genus combines the Ancient Greek words drumos for "wood" or "copse" and philos "fond of".[3]
Taxonomy and systematics
Extant species

The genus Drymophila contains the following eleven species:[4]

Ferruginous antbird (Drymophila ferruginea)
Bertoni's antbird (Drymophila rubricollis)
Rufous-tailed antbird (Drymophila genei)
Ochre-rumped antbird (Drymophila ochropyga)
Dusky-tailed antbird (Drymophila malura)
Scaled antbird (Drymophila squamata)
Striated antbird (Drymophila devillei)
Santa Marta antbird (Drymophila hellmayri)
Klages's antbird (Drymophila klagesi)
East Andean antbird (Drymophila caudata)
Streak-headed antbird (Drymophila striaticeps)

Former species

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Drymophila:

Spectacled monarch (as Drymophila trivirgata)[5]
Island monarch (as Drymophila cinerascens)[6]
Shining flycatcher (as Drymophila alecto)[7]


Six of the Drymophila species are associated with regions of southeastern Brazil; two of these - Bertoni's and dusky-tailed antbird - also range into eastern Paraguay and extreme northeastern Argentina.

Even at their highest diversity in Brazil's Mata Atlântica, the species are almost completely parapatric, in some cases like the dusky-tailed and scaled antbird even to exclusive habitat preferences. Of course, the rampant deforestation in that region may obscure that there has been more overlap in the past. In any case, habitat fragments strongly tend to hold at most a single species.[8]

D. devillei, the striated antbird, is a species of the southwestern quadrant of the Amazon Basin, and a disjunct population lives in north-western Ecuador and adjacent parts of Colombia.

Swainson, William John (1824). "An inquiry into the natural affinities of the Laniadae, or shrikes; preceded by some observations on the present state of ornithology in this country". Zoological Journal. 1: 289–307 [302].
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1951). Check-list of Birds of the World. Vol. 7. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 209.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
"Symposiachrus trivirgatus - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-01-13.
"Monarcha cinerascens - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-01-18.
"Myiagra alecto - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-01-26.

Rajão & Cerqueira (2006)


Rajão, Henrique & Cerqueira, Rui (2006): Distribuição altitudinal e simpatria das aves do gênero Drymophila Swainson (Passeriformes, Thamnophilidae) na Mata Atlântica [Elevational distribution and sympatry of birds of the genus Drymophila Swainson (Passeriformes, Thamnophilidae) in the Atlantic forest]. [Portuguese with English abstract] Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 23(3): 597–607. doi:10.1590/S0101-81752006000300002 PDF fulltext

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