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Lophura diardi (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Galloanseres
Ordo: Galliformes

Familia: Phasianidae
Subfamilia: Phasianinae
Genus: Lophura
Species: Lophura diardi
Name

Lophura diardi (Bonaparte, 1856)
Synonymy

Phasianus diardi (protonym)
Etymology: named after the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.

Lophura diardi Print by Henry Constantine Richter

Lophura diardi, Henry Constantine Richter

References

Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaire des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences [Paris] 43: 415.

Vernacular names
العربية: تدرج سيامي
български: Сиамски фазан
brezhoneg: Fazan Siam
català: Faisà fumat
Cymraeg: Ffesant gefngoch Siam
dansk: Siamildryg
Deutsch: Prälatfasan
English: Siamese Fireback
Esperanto: Siama fazano
español: Faisán siamés
فارسی: پشت‌آتشی سیامی
français: Faisan prélat
עברית: פסיון אדום-גב סיאמי
magyar: Hamvas fácán
italiano: Fagiano prelato
日本語: シマハッカン
Nederlands: Kuifloze prelaatfazant
polski: Kiściec syjamski
پنجابی: سیامی اگپچھا
русский: Сиамская лофура
svenska: Siamesisk eldrygg
ไทย: ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ
українська: Сіамська лофура
Tiếng Việt: Gà lôi hông tía
中文: 戴氏鷴

The Siamese fireback (Lophura diardi) also known as Diard's fireback, is a fairly large, approximately 80 cm (31 in) long, pheasant. The male has a grey plumage with an extensive facial caruncle, crimson legs and feet, ornamental black crest feathers, reddish brown iris and long curved blackish tail. The female is a brown bird with blackish wing and tail feathers.
Head
Lophura diardi

The Siamese fireback is distributed to the lowland and evergreen forests of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. This species is also designated as the national bird of Thailand. The female usually lays between four and eight rosy eggs.

The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Pierre-Médard Diard.

Status

Due to habitat loss and over-hunting in some areas, the Siamese fireback was evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, however, it is now Least Concern.[1]
Gallery

Siamese Fireback RWD.jpg

Siamese fireback in captivity - Florida, USA

See also

National symbols of Thailand

References

BirdLife International (2012). "Lophura diardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.

Birds Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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