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Melanocorypha leucoptera

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea
Familia: Alaudidae
Genus: Melanocorypha
Species: Melanocorypha leucoptera

Name

Melanocorypha leucoptera (Pallas, 1811)

Vernacular names
Български: Белокрила чучулига
Ελληνικά : Λευκόφτερη Γαλιάντρα
English: White-winged Lark

The White-winged Lark (Melanocorypha leucoptera) is a species of lark found in central Asia, from the Caucasus east across temperate southern Asia and Kazakhstan. It is partially migratory, with birds tending to move south in winter. The southernmost birds are mainly resident. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.


Description

This lark is large and robust, usually 17-19 cm in length, with a wingspan of 35 cm. Both sexes weigh about 44 g. In flight, it is unmistakable due to its striking wing pattern: black outer flight feathers, white inner flight feathers, and the rest of the wing chestnut. Its body is dark-streaked grey above and whitish below. The adult male has a chestnut crown, but the sexes are otherwise similar.

Behaviour

The White-winged Lark lives in dry, open steppe and plains. It nests on the ground, laying 3-8 eggs per clutch. Its diet consists of seeds, and insects during the breeding season. It is gregarious during the winter.

Call

Its song is a more melodious version of the Skylark's.

Conservation

Habitat destruction due to ploughing is one of the main threats to the White-winged Lark. Although its population has declined significantly, it is still relatively common, and is not considered to be at risk.[1]

References

1. ^ IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License