Hellenica World

Otus scops

Otus scops , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Strigiformes
Familia: Strigidae
Subfamilia: Striginae
Genus: Otus
Species: Otus scops
Subspecies: O. s. cycladum - O. s. cyprius - O. s. mallorcae - O. s. pulchellus - O. s. scops - O. s. turanicus - O. s. vincii

Name

Otus scops (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference

Systema Naturae ed.10 p.92

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Български: Чухал
Česky: Výreček malý
Dansk: Dværghornugle
Deutsch: Zwergohreule (Art)
Ελληνικά: Γκιώνης (Ευρωπαϊκός)
English: Scops Owl (European Scops-Owl, Common Scops-Owl)
Español: Autillo europeo
Français: Petit-duc scops
עברית: שעיר מצוי
Italiano: Assiolo
日本語: コノハズク
한국어: 소쩍새
Lietuvių: Apuokėlis
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Hantu Kuang Kuit
Nederlands: Dwergooruil
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Dverghornugle
Polski: Syczek
Português: Mocho-d’orelhas
Slovenščina: Veliki skovik
Suomi: Kyläpöllönen
Svenska: Dvärguv
Українська: Совка сплюха

Otus scops (*)

List of Cyprus birds

The European Scops Owl (Otus scops), also known as the Eurasian Scops Owl or just Scops Owl, is a small owl. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most species of owl. The other grouping is the barn owls, Tytonidae. This bird breeds in southern Europe eastwards into western and central Asia. It is migratory, wintering in southernmost Europe and sub-Saharan Africa. It is rare any distance north of its breeding range, usually occurring as a spring overshoot. It is unlikely that this nocturnal owl would be found outside the breeding season when it is not calling.

It breeds in open woodland, parks and gardens. It lays 3-6 eggs in a tree hole. This is a small owl, and at 19–21 centimetres (7.5–8.3 in) length and a 47–54 centimetres (19–21 in) wingspan is not as large as the Little Owl. It takes small prey such as insects and other invertebrates. It is largely nocturnal.

The Scops Owl perches upright and shows small ear tufts. It is predominantly grey-brown in colour, with paler face, underparts and shoulder line. This species has a strong direct flight on long narrow wings, reflecting its migratory habits. The call is a deep whistle given by both sexes. It is similar to the call of the Midwife Toad.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Otus scops. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

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