Pteroglossus Illiger, 1811
Prodromus systematis mammalium et avium p.202
The aracaris (or araçaris) are medium-sized toucans in the genus Pteroglossus. As denoted by the presence of the cedilla on the C (ç), the proper pronunciation is "ahr-uh-SAHR-ee" not "ahr-uh-KAR-ee".
They are brightly plumaged and with enormous colourful bills.
All the species are basically fruit-eating, but will take insects and other small prey.
They are arboreal and nest in tree holes laying 2–4 white eggs. They are resident breeders and do not migrate.
The aracaris are unusual for toucans in that they roost socially throughout the year, up to six adults and fledged young sleeping in the same hole with tails folded over their backs.
The ischnoceran louse Austrophilopterus flavirostris is suspected to parasitize most if not all species of aracaris, with the possible exception of the Green Aracari (Price & Weckstein 2005).
One species, the distinctive Saffron Toucanet, was formerly placed in the monotypic genus Baillonius, but Kimura et al. (2004) was able to show that it belongs in the genus Pteroglossus.
* Saffron Toucanet, Pteroglossus bailloni
1. ^ "South American Classification Committee". Merge Baillonius into Pteroglossus. http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~remsen/SACCprop151.html. Retrieved 2007-09-16.
* BirdLife International 2004. Pteroglossus bailloni. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 27 July 2007.
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License