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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes

Familia: Picidae
Subfamilia: Picinae
Genus: Veniliornis
Species: V. affinis – V. callonotus – V. cassini – V. chocoensis – V. dignus – V. frontalis – V. kirkii – V. lignarius – V. maculifrons – V. mixtus – V. nigriceps – V. passerinus – V. sanguineus - V. spilogaster

Name

Veniliornis Bonaparte, 1854
Typus

Veniliornis sanguineus (A.A.H. Lichtenstein, 1793)
References

L'Ateneo Italiano 2 p.125
Moore, W.S., Weibel, A.C. & Agius, A. 2006. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the woodpecker genus Veniliornis (Picidae, Picinae) and related genera implies convergent evolution of plumage patterns. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 87: 611­624. Full article (PDF)Reference page.
Fuchs, J. & Pons, J-M. 2015. A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini, Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 28–37. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.016 Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Woodpeckers
español: Carpinteros
português: Pica-paus

Veniliornis is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family Picidae. They are native to Central and South America.
Taxonomy

The genus was introduced by the French ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1854.[1] The word Veniliornis combines the name of the Roman deity Venilia with the Greek word ornis meaning "bird".[2] The type species was designated as the blood-colored woodpecker (Veniliornis sanguineus) by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1855.[3][4]

The genus contains the following 14 species:[5]

Scarlet-backed woodpecker, Veniliornis callonotus
Yellow-vented woodpecker, Veniliornis dignus
Bar-bellied woodpecker, Veniliornis nigriceps
Little woodpecker, Veniliornis passerinus
Dot-fronted woodpecker, Veniliornis frontalis
White-spotted woodpecker, Veniliornis spilogaster
Blood-colored woodpecker, Veniliornis sanguineus
Red-rumped woodpecker, Veniliornis kirkii
Red-stained woodpecker, Veniliornis affinis
Chocó woodpecker, Veniliornis chocoensis
Golden-collared woodpecker, Veniliornis cassini
Yellow-eared woodpecker, Veniliornis maculifrons
Striped woodpecker, Veniliornis lignarius – formerly in Picoides[6][7]
Checkered woodpecker, Veniliornis mixtus – formerly in Picoides[6][7]

References

Bonaparte, Charles Lucien (1854). "Quadro dei volucri zigodattili ossia passeri a piedi scansori". In de Luca, Serafino; Müller, D. (eds.). L'Ateneo Italiano; raccolta di documenti e memorie relative al progresso delle scienze fisiche (in Italian). Volume 2. Parigi [Paris]: Victor Masson. pp. 116–129 [125].
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 399–400. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 92.
Dickinson, E.C.; Remsen, J.V., Jr., eds. (2013). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 318. ISBN 978-0-9568611-0-8.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Woodpeckers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
Donegan, Thomas (January 2007). "Proposal (#262) South American Classification Committee: Transfer Picoides mixtus and P. lignarius to Veniliornis". American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
Moore, W.S.; Weibel, A.C.; Agius, A. (2006). "Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the woodpecker genus Veniliornis (Picidae, Picinae) and related genera implies convergent evolution of plumage patterns". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 87 (4): 611–624. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00586.x.

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