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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Epidendreae
Subtribus: Pleurothallidinae
Genus: Acianthera
Overview of species (297)
a

A. aberrans – A. aculeata – A. acuminatipetala – A. adamantinensis – A. adeodata – A. adirii – A. aechme – A. agathophylla – A. alainii – A. albiflora – A. albopurpurea – A. alpestris – A. alphonsii – A. amaralii – A. amsleri – A. angustifolia – A. angustisepala – A. antennata – A. aphthosa – A. appendiculata – A. asaroides – A. atroglossa – A. atropurpurea – A. auriculata
b

A. bahorucensis – A. barthelemyi – A. berlinensis – A. beyrodtiana – A. bibarbellata – A. bicarinata – A. biceps – A. bicornuta – A. bidentata – A. bidentula – A. binotii – A. bissei – A. boliviana – A. brachiloba – A. bragae – A. breedlovei – A. breviflora – A. brunnescens – A. bryonii – A. butcheri
c

A. cabiriae – A. cachensis – A. caldensis – A. calopedilon – A. calypso – A. capanemae – A. caparaoensis – A. capillaris – A. carcinopsis – A. carinata – A. catujiensis – A. caymanensis – A. cephalopodiglossa – A. cerberus – A. chamelopoda – A. chionopa – A. chrysantha – A. ciliata – A. circumplexa – A. cogniauxiana – A. compressicaulis – A. consatae – A. cordatifolia – A. cornejoi – A. costabilis – A. costaricensis – A. crassilabia – A. cremasta – A. crepiniana – A. crinita – A. cryptantha – A. cryptophoranthoides
d

A. decipiens – A. decurrens – A. denticulata – A. deserta – A. dichroa – A. discophylla – A. dodsonii – A. doucettei – A. duartei – A. dubbeldamii – A. dutrae
e

A. echinocarpa – A. echinosa – A. ellipsophylla – A. erebatensis – A. ericae – A. erinacea – A. erosa – A. erythrogramma – A. esmeraldae – A. exarticulata – A. exdrasii – A. eximia
f

A. fabiobarrosii – A. fecunda – A. fenestrata – A. fernandezii – A. fockei – A. foetens – A. fornograndensis – A. freyi – A. fumioi
g

A. garciae – A. geminicaulina – A. gigantea – A. glanduligera – A. glumacea – A. gouveiae – A. gracilis – A. gracilisepala – A. gradeae – A. granitica – A. greenwoodii
h

A. hamata – A. hamata – A. hartwegiifolia – A. hastulata – A. hatschbachii – A. heliconioides – A. heliconiscapa – A. henrici – A. heringeri – A. herrerae – A. herzogii – A. heteropetala – A. hintonii – A. hirsutula – A. hirtzii – A. hoffmannseggiana – A. hondurensis – A. hygrophila – A. hystrix
i

A. imitator – A. inaequalis
j

A. johannensis – A. johnsonii – A. jordanensis – A. juxtaposita
k

A. kateora – A. kegelii – A. klingelfusii – A. klotzschiana – A. krahnii
l

A. lamia – A. langeana – A. lappago – A. laxa – A. lepidota – A. leptotifolia – A. limae – A. litensis – A. lojae – A. luteola
m

A. macilenta – A. macropoda – A. macuconensis – A. maculiglossa – A. madisonii – A. magalhanesii – A. majakoluckae – A. malachantha – A. marleniae – A. marquesii – A. marumbyana – A. melachila – A. melanochthoda – A. melanoglossa – A. mendozae – A. mexiae – A. micrantha – A. minima – A. minuta – A. miqueliana – A. modestissima – A. monophylla – A. montana – A. morenoi – A. morilloi – A. moronae – A. murex – A. murexoidea – A. muscicola – A. muscosa – A. myrticola
n

A. nellyae – A. nemorosa – A. nikoleae
o

A. obscura – A. ochreata – A. octophrys – A. odontotepala – A. ofella – A. oligantha – A. omissa – A. oricola – A. oscitans
p

A. pacayana – A. panduripetala – A. pantasmi – A. pantasmoides – A. papillosa – A. paradoxa – A. pardipes – A. pariaensis – A. parva – A. pavimentata – A. pazii – A. pectinata – A. pendens – A. per-dusenii – A. pernambucensis – A. phoenicoptera – A. phrynoglossa – A. platystachys – A. pollardiana – A. polystachya – A. portilloi – A. privigna – A. prognatha – A. prolifera – A. prostrata – A. pubescens – A. punctatiflora – A. punicea – A. purpurascens – A. purpureoviolacea – A. pustulata
q

A. quadricristata – A. quadriserrata – A. quisqueyana
r

A. ramosa – A. recurva – A. rinkei – A. rodolfovasquezii – A. rodrigoi – A. rodriguesii – A. rostellata – A. rubroviridis
s

A. sabinoana – A. sandaliorum – A. saraca-taquerensis – A. sarcosepala – A. saundersiana – A. saurocephala – A. scabripes – A. scalpricaulis – A. serpentula – A. serratifolia – A. serrulata – A. serrulatipetala – A. sicaria – A. sicariopsis – A. sicula – A. sigmoidea – A. silvae – A. similis – A. simpliciflora – A. sonderiana – A. sotoana – A. spilantha – A. stenzelii – A. strupifolia – A. subrotundifolia – A. sudae – A. sulcata – A. sulphurea
t

A. tanyae – A. teres – A. testifolia – A. thysana – A. tikalensis – A. toachica – A. tokachii – A. translucida – A. tricarinata – A. trichophora – A. tristis – A. tunguraguae
u

A. unguicallosa
v

A. variegata – A. venulosa – A. verecunda – A. violacea – A. violaceomaculata – A. viridis
w

A. wageneriana – A. wawraeana – A. welsiae-windischiae – A. wilsonii – A. wyvern
y

A. yauaperyensis
z

A. zumbae
Name

Acianthera Scheidw., Allg. Gartenzeitung 10: 292 (1842)

Type species: Acianthera recurva (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16: 246 (2001)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Cryptophoranthus Barb.Rodr., Gen. Spec. Orchid. 2: 79 (1881)
Brenesia Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 19: 199 (1923)
Geocalpa Brieger, Schlechter Die Orchideen 7(25-28): 440 (1975), no Latin descr. or type.
Sarracenella Luer, Selbyana 5: 388 (1981)
Aberrantia Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103: 310 (2005)
Didactylus Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103: 310 (2005)
Unguella Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103: 310 (2005)
Arthrosia (Luer) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 105: 248 (2006)
Dondodia Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 105: 85 (2006)
Ogygia Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 105: 252 (2006)

Homonym

Acianthera Post & Kuntze, Lexicon Generum Phanerogamarum 5. (1903)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexican Pacific Islands, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
Southern America
Central America
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
Caribbean
Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Islands.
Northern South America
French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
Western South America
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
Brazil
Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South
Southern South America
Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2006. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 4 Epidendroideae (Part one); page 328 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850712-7. Reference page.
Scheidweiler, M.J.F. 1842. Allgemeine Gartenzeitung 10 (37): 292.

Additional references

Chiron, G.R., Guiard, J. & Van den Berg, C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships in Brazilian Pleurothallis sensu lato (Pleurothallidinae, Orchidaceae): evidence from nuclear ITS rDNA sequences. Phytotaxa 46: 34–58. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.46.1.5 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acianthera in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 27. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acianthera in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Acianthera. Published online. Accessed: 27 May 2020.
The Plant List 2013. Acianthera in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 27.
Tropicos.org 2020. Acianthera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 27 May 2020.

Vernacular names

перем коми: Ациантера
коми: Ациантера
мокшень: Ациантера
олык марий: Ациантера
кырык мары: Ациантера
удмурт: Ациантера

Acianthera is a genus of orchids native to the tropical parts of the Western Hemisphere,[1] especially Brazil.[2] It was first described in 1842[3] but was not widely recognized until recently. Most of the species were formerly placed under Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera. This splitting is a result of recent DNA sequencing.
Species

As of 2010 there are approximately 200 species in this genus.[2]

Species include:

Acianthera aberrans (Luer) Pupulin & Bogarín
Acianthera acuminatipetala (A.Samp.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 253. 2004
Acianthera adamantinensis (Brade) F.Barros, Bradea 8(43): 294 (2002).
Acianthera adirii (Brade) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 241 (2001).
Acianthera agathophylla (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 241 (2001).
Acianthera alborosea (Kraenzl.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 253. 2004
Acianthera angustisepala (Ames & Correll) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera aphthosa (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera aurantiolateritia (Speg.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera aveniformis (Hoehne) C.N.Gonç. & Waechter, Hoehnea 31: 114 (2004).
Acianthera bicarinata (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera bicornuta (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera bidentula (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera binotii (Regel) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera bohnkiana Campacci & Baptista, (2004).
Acianthera brachiloba (Hoehne) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera bragae (Ruschi) F. Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 183 (2003).
Acianthera capanemae (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera caparaoensis (Brade) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera casapensis (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 242 (2001).
Acianthera consimilis (Ames) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 243 (2001).
Acianthera crinita (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 243 (2001).
Acianthera cristata (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 253. 2004
Acianthera cryptophoranthoides (Loefgr.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 185. 2003 [30 Dec. 2003]
Acianthera discophylla (Luer & Carnevali) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 253. 2004
Acianthera denticulata (Cogn.) Karremans, Harvard Pap. Bot. 21: 183 (2016)
Acianthera duartei (Hoehne) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 243 (2001).
Acianthera exarticulata (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 243 (2001).
Acianthera fabiobarrosii (Borba & Semir) F.Barros & F.Pinheiro, Bradea 8(48): 329 (2002).
Acianthera fockei (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 243 (2001).
Acianthera glanduligera (Lindley) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 253. 2004
Acianthera glumacea (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 243 (2001).
Acianthera gracilisepala (Brade) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 253. 2004
Acianthera guimaraensii (Brade) F.Barros, Bradea 8(43): 294 (2002).
Acianthera heliconiscapa (Hoehne) F.Barros, Bradea 8(43): 294 (2002).
Acianthera heringeri (Hoehne) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 185. 2003
Acianthera hoffmannseggiana (Rchb.f.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 186. 2003
Acianthera hondurensis (Ames) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase
Acianthera johannensis (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera klotzschiana (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera lanceana (G.Lodd.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera leptotifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera limae (Porto & Brade) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera luteola (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera macropoda (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera macuconensis (Barb.Rodr.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 186. 2003
Acianthera magalhanesii (Pabst) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 186. 2003
Acianthera malachantha (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera marumbyana (Garay) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera melachila (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera micrantha (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera miqueliana (H.Focke) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera modestissima (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 244 (2001).
Acianthera murexoidea (Pabst) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera muscicola (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera nemorosa (Barb.Rodr.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 186. 2003
Acianthera ochreata (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera oligantha (Barb.Rodr.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 186. 2003
Acianthera panduripetala (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera papillosa (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera parahybunensis (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera pardipes (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera pavimentata (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera pectinata (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera prolifera (Herb. ex Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera pubescens (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 245 (2001).
Acianthera ramosa (Barb.Rodr.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 186. 2003
Acianthera recurva (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera renipetala (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera rodriguesii (Cogn.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera rostellata (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera saundersiana (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera saurocephala (G.Lodd.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera serpentula (Barb.Rodr.) F.Barros, Hoehnea 30(3): 187. 2003
Acianthera serrulatipetala (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera silvae (Luer & Toscano) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera sonderiana (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera spilantha (Babr.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 112: 120 (2007).
Acianthera strupifolia (Lindley) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera sulcata (Porsch) F.Barros & V.T.Rodrigues
Acianthera teres (Lindley) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera translucida (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 254. 2004
Acianthera tricarinata (Poepp. & Endl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera tristis (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera violaceomaculata (Hoehne) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 246 (2001).
Acianthera wageneriana (Klotzsch) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 247 (2001).
Acianthera welsiae-windischiae (Pabst) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 247 (2001).
Acianthera yauaperyensis (Barb.Rodr.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 16(4): 247 (2001).

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
de Melo, M. C., Borba, E. L., & Paiva, E. A. S. (2010). Morphological and histological characterization of the osmophores and nectaries of four species of Acianthera (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 286(3-4), 141-51.
Scheidweiler, Michael Joseph François. 1842. Allgemeine Gartenzeitung 10(37): 292

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