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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Dalbergieae
Genus: Aeschynomene
Species:
a

A. abyssinica – A. acapulcensis – A. acutangula – A. afraspera – A. americana – A. amorphoides – A. angolensis – A. aphylla – A. arabica – A. aspera – A. atropurpurea
b

A. batekensis – A. baumii – A. bella – A. benguellensis – A. bracteosa – A. bradei – A. brasiliana – A. brevifolia – A. brevipes – A. bullockii – A. burttii
c

A. carichanica – A. carvalhoi – A. chimanimaniensis – A. ciliata – A. compacta – A. crassicaulis – A. cristata – A. curtisiae
d

A. deamii – A. debilis – A. deightonii – A. denticulata – A. dimidiata
e

A. egena – A. elaphroxylon – A. elegans – A. eridesii – A. evenia
f

A. falcata – A. fascicularis – A. filosa – A. fluitans – A. fluminensis – A. fluvialis – A. foliolosa – A. fructipendula – A. fulgida
g

A. gazensis – A. genistoides – A. glabrescens – A. glauca – A. goetzei – A. gracilipes – A. graminoides – A. grandistipulata – A. guatemalensis
h

A. heurckeana – A. hintonii – A. histrix
i

A. indica – A. interrupta – A. inyangensis
k

A. katangensis – A. kerstingii
l

A. laca-buendiana – A. langlassei – A. lateritia – A. lateriticola – A. laxiflora – A. leptophylla – A. leptostachya – A. lewisiana – A. lorentziana – A. lyonnetii
m

A. magna – A. marginata – A. martii – A. matosii – A. maximistipulata – A. mediocris – A. megalophylla – A. mimosifolia – A. minutiflora – A. mollicula – A. moluccana – A. monteiroi – A. montevidensis – A. mossambicensis – A. mossoensis – A. multicaulis
n

A. nana – A. neglecta – A. nematopoda – A. nicaraguensis – A. nilotica – A. nivea – A. nodulosa – A. nyassana – A. nyikensis
o

A. oligophylla – A. oroboides
p

A. palmeri – A. paniculata – A. paraguayensis – A. pararubrofarinacea – A. parviflora – A. patula – A. paucifolia – A. paucifoliolata – A. pawekiae – A. petraea – A. pfundii – A. pinetorum – A. pleuronervia – A. pluriarticulata – A. portoricensis – A. pratensis – A. priscoana – A. pseudoglabrescens – A. pulchella – A. pygmaea
r

A. racemosa – A. rehmannii – A. rhodesiaca – A. riedeliana – A. rivularis – A. rosei – A. rostrata – A. rubrofarinacea – A. rubroviolacea – A. rudis – A. ruspoliana
s

A. sabulicola – A. sansibarica – A. scabra – A. schimperi – A. schindleri – A. schliebenii – A. scoparia – A. selloi – A. semilunaris – A. sensitiva – A. siifolia – A. simplicifolia – A. simulans – A. solitariiflora – A. soniae – A. sousae – A. sparsiflora – A. stipitata – A. stipulosa – A. stolzii
t

A. tambacoundensis – A. tenuirama – A. tenuis – A. trigonocarpa – A. tsaratanensis – A. tumbezensis
u

A. uniflora – A. unijuga – A. upembensis
v

A. veadeirana – A. venezolana – A. venulosa – A. vigil – A. villosa – A. virginica – A. viscidula – A. vogelii
w

A. warmingii – A. weberbaueri
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Aeschynomene in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 05. Reference page.

Name

Aeschynomene L. (1753)

Type species: Aeschynomene aspera L.

Synonyms

Aedemone Kotschy
Bakerophyton (J.Léonard) Hutch.
Balisaea Taub.
Climacorachis Hemsl. & Rose
Ctenodon Baill.
Gajati Adans.
Herminiera Guill. & Perr.
Macromiscus Turcz.
Mantodda Adans.
Rochea Scop.
Rueppelia A.Rich.
Secula Small
Segurola Larrañaga

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Tropics & subtropics
Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Maryland, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Jersey, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
Extinct in:
Delaware
Introduced into:
Bismarck Archipelago, California, Chagos Archipelago, Egypt, Fiji, Greece, Kazan-retto, Mauritius, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Rodrigues, Samoa, Society Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus II. Pp. 561–1200, [1–30, index], [1, err.]. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 713

Additional references

Rudd, V.E. 1959: The genus Aeschynomene in Malaysia (Leguminosae-Papilionatae). Reinwardtia 5: 23–26.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Aeschynomene in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 05. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Aeschynomene. Published online. Accessed: Nov 05 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Aeschynomene. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 05.
Catalogue of Life: 2020 Annual Checklist

Vernacular names
čeština: Choulostice
English: jointvetch
suomi: Nivelherneet
hrvatski: Ešinomene
日本語: クサネム属
polski: Żywopłon
Tiếng Việt: Chi Rút dại
中文: 合萌属
Aeschynomene is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Dalbergia clade of the Dalbergieae.[1][2] They are known commonly as jointvetches. These legumes are most common in warm regions and many species are aquatic. The genus as currently circumscribed is paraphyletic and it has been suggested that the subgenus Ochopodium be elevated to a new genus within the Dalbergieae, though other changes will also be required to render the genus monophyletic.[1][2][3][4]
Species

Aeschynomene comprises the following species:[5][6]

Aeschynomene abyssinica (A. Rich.) Vatke
Aeschynomene acapulcensis Rose
Aeschynomene acutangula Baker
Aeschynomene afraspera J. Léonard
Aeschynomene americana L.—shyleaf
var. americana L.
var. flabellata Rudd
var. glandulosa (Poir.) Rudd
Aeschynomene amorphoides (S. Watson) Robinson
Aeschynomene angolense Rossberg
Aeschynomene aphylla Wild
Aeschynomene aspera L.—sola, sola pith plant, laugauni
Aeschynomene batekensis Troch. & Koechlin
Aeschynomene baumii Harms
Aeschynomene bella Harms
Aeschynomene benguellensis Torre
Aeschynomene bracteosa Baker
Aeschynomene bradei Rudd
Aeschynomene brasiliana (Poir.) DC.
Aeschynomene brevifolia Poir.
Aeschynomene brevipes Benth.
Aeschynomene bullockii J. Léonard
Aeschynomene burttii Baker f.
Aeschynomene carvalhoi G.P. Lewis
Aeschynomene chimanimaniensis Verdc.
Aeschynomene ciliata Vogel
Aeschynomene compacta Rose
Aeschynomene crassicaulis Harms
Aeschynomene cristata Vatke—Malagasy jointvetch
var. cristata Vatke
var. pubescens J. León
Aeschynomene curtisiae Johnston
Aeschynomene deamii Robinson & Bartlett
Aeschynomene debilis Baker
Aeschynomene deightonii Hepper
Aeschynomene denticulata Rudd
Aeschynomene dimidiata Baker
Aeschynomene egena (J.F. Macbr.) Rudd
Aeschynomene elaphroxylon (Guill. & Perr.) Taub.—ambatch
Aeschynomene elegans Cham. & Schltdl.
Aeschynomene evenia C. Wright—shrubby jointvetch
var. evenia C. Wright
var. serrulata Rudd
Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC.—Australian jointvetch
Aeschynomene fascicularis Cham. & Schltdl.
Aeschynomene filosa Benth.
Aeschynomene fluitans Peter
Aeschynomene fluminensis Vell.
Aeschynomene foliolosa Rudd
Aeschynomene fulgida Baker
Aeschynomene gazensis Baker f.
Aeschynomene genistoides (Taub.) Rudd
Aeschynomene glabrescens Baker
Aeschynomene glauca R.E. Fr.
Aeschynomene goetzei Harms
Aeschynomene gracilipes Taub.
Aeschynomene gracilis Vogel—Puerto Rico jointvetch
Aeschynomene grandistipulata Harms
Aeschynomene guatemalensis (Standl. & Steyerm.) Rudd
Aeschynomene heurckeana Baker
Aeschynomene hintonii Sandwith
Aeschynomene histrix Poir.—porcupine jointvetch
var. densiflora (Benth.) Rudd
var. histrix Poir.
var. incana (Vogel) Benth.
Aeschynomene indica L.—Indian jointvetch
Aeschynomene interrupta Benth.
Aeschynomene inyangensis Wild
Aeschynomene katangensis De Wild.
Aeschynomene kerstingii Harms
Aeschynomene langlassei Rudd
Aeschynomene latericola Verdc.
Aeschynomene lateritia Harms
Aeschynomene laxiflora Baker
Aeschynomene leptophylla Harms
Aeschynomene leptostachya Benth.
Aeschynomene lorentziana Bacigalupo & Vanni
Aeschynomene lyonnetii Rudd
Aeschynomene magna Rudd
Aeschynomene marginata Benth.
Aeschynomene martii Benth.
Aeschynomene maximistipulata Torre
Aeschynomene mediocris Verdc.
Aeschynomene megalophylla Harms
Aeschynomene micranthos (Poir.) DC.
Aeschynomene mimosifolia Vatke
Aeschynomene minutiflora Taub.
Aeschynomene mollicula Kunth
var. breviflora Rudd
var. mollicula Kunth
Aeschynomene monteiroi Alf. Fern. & P. Bezerra
Aeschynomene montevidensis Vogel
Aeschynomene mossambicensis Verdc.
Aeschynomene mossoensis J. Léonard
Aeschynomene multicaulis Harms
Aeschynomene nana Rudd
Aeschynomene neglecta Hepper
Aeschynomene nematopoda Harms
Aeschynomene nicaraguensis (Oerst.) Standl.
Aeschynomene nilotica Taub.
Aeschynomene nivea Brandegee
Aeschynomene nodulosa (Baker) Baker f.
var. glabrescens J. B. Gillett
var. nodulosa (Baker) Baker f.
Aeschynomene nyassana Taub.
Aeschynomene nyikensis Baker
Aeschynomene oligophylla Harms
Aeschynomene oroboides Benth.
Aeschynomene palmeri Rose
Aeschynomene paniculata Willd. ex Vogel—pannicle jointvetch
Aeschynomene paraguayensis Rudd
Aeschynomene pararubrofarinacea J. Léonard
Aeschynomene parviflora Micheli
Aeschynomene patula Poir.
Aeschynomene paucifolia Vogel
Aeschynomene paucifoliolata Micheli
Aeschynomene petraea Robinson
Aeschynomene pfundii Taub.
Aeschynomene pinetorum Brandegee
Aeschynomene pleuronervia DC.
Aeschynomene pluriarticulata G. Don
Aeschynomene podocarpa Vogel
Aeschynomene portoricensis Urb.[7]
Aeschynomene pratensis Small—meadow jointvetch
var. caribaea Rudd
var. pratensis Small
Aeschynomene pringlei Rose
Aeschynomene pseudoglabrescens Verdc.
Aeschynomene pulchella Baker
Aeschynomene purpusii Brandegee
Aeschynomene pygmaea Baker
Aeschynomene racemosa Vogel
Aeschynomene rehmannii Schinz
var. leptobotrya (Harms ex Baker f.) J. B. Gillett
var. rehmannii Schinz
Aeschynomene rhodesiaca Harms
Aeschynomene riedeliana Taub.
Aeschynomene rivularis Frapp.
Aeschynomene rosei C.V. Morton
Aeschynomene rostrata Benth.
Aeschynomene rubrofarinacea (Taub.) F. White
Aeschynomene rubroviolacea J. Léonard
Aeschynomene rudis Benth.—zigzag jointvetch
Aeschynomene ruspoliana Harms
Aeschynomene sansibarica Taub.
Aeschynomene scabra G. Don
Aeschynomene schimperi A. Rich.
Aeschynomene schindleri R. Vig.
Aeschynomene schliebenii Harms
var. mossambicensis (Baker f.) Verdc.
var. schliebenii Harms
Aeschynomene scoparia Kunth
Aeschynomene selloi Vogel
Aeschynomene semilunaris Hutch.
Aeschynomene sensitiva Sw.—sensitive jointvetch
Aeschynomene siifolia Baker
Aeschynomene simulans Rose
Aeschynomene solitariiflora J. Léonard
Aeschynomene sparsiflora Baker
Aeschynomene standleyi A.R. Molina
Aeschynomene stipitata Burtt Davy
Aeschynomene stipulosa Verdc.
Aeschynomene stolzii Harms
Aeschynomene tambacoundensis Berhaut
Aeschynomene tenuirama Baker
Aeschynomene tenuis Griseb.
Aeschynomene trigonocarpa Baker f.
Aeschynomene tsaratanensis Du Puy & Labat
Aeschynomene tumbezensis J.F. Macbr.
Aeschynomene uniflora E. Mey.
Aeschynomene unijuga (M.E. Jones) Rudd
Aeschynomene upembensis J. Léonard
Aeschynomene venulosa Verdc.
Aeschynomene vigil Brandegee
Aeschynomene villosa Poir.
var. longifolia (Micheli) Rudd
var. mexicana (Hemsl. & Rose) Rudd
var. villosa Poir.
Aeschynomene virginica (L.) Britton & al.—Virginia jointvetch
Aeschynomene viscidula Michx.
Aeschynomene vogelii Rudd
Aeschynomene warmingii Micheli
Aeschynomene weberbaueri Ulbr.

References

Lavin M, Pennington RT, Klitgaard BB, Sprent JI, de Lima HC, Gasson PE (2001). "The dalbergioid legumes (Fabaceae): Delimitation of a pantropical monophyletic clade". Am J Bot. 88 (3): 503–33. doi:10.2307/2657116. JSTOR 2657116. PMID 11250829.
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Chaintreuil C, Arrighi JF, Giraud E, Miché L, Moulin L, Dreyfus B, Munive-Hernández JA, Villegas-Hernandez MC, Béna G (2013). "Evolution of symbiosis in the legume genus Aeschynomene". New Phytol. 200 (4): 1247–59. doi:10.1111/nph.12424. PMID 23879229.
Ribeiro RA, Lavin M, Lemos-Filho JP, Mendonça-Filho CV, dos Santos FR, Lovato MB (2007). "The genus Machaerium (Leguminosae) is more closely related to Aeschynomene sect. Ochopodium than to Dalbergia: Inferences from combined sequence data". Syst Bot. 32 (4): 762–771. doi:10.1600/036364407783390700.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Aeschynomene". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
"GRIN species records of Aeschynomene". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Beltsville, Maryland: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
Some sources treat Aeschynomene portoricensis as a synonym of Aeschynomene gracilis.

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