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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Anthemideae
Subtribus: Anthemidinae
Genus: Anthemis
Species: A. aaronsohnii – A. abrotanifolia – A. abylaea – A. aciphylla – A. adonidifolia – A. adulterina – A. aeolica – A. aetnensis – A. alpestris – A. ammanthus – A. ammophila – A. anthemiformis – A. arenicola – A. argyrophylla – A. arvensis – A. atropatana – A. auriculata – A. austroiranica – A. bollei – A. bornmuelleri – A. bourgaei – A. boveana – A. brachycarpa – A. brachystephana – A. breviradiata – A. busherica – A. calcarea – A. candidissima – A. chia – A. chrysantha – A. concolor – A. confusa – A. cornucopiae – A. corymbulosa – A. cotula – A. cretica – A. cuneata – A. cupaniana – A. cyrenaica – A. davisii – A. deserticola – A. dicksoniae – A. didymaea – A. edumea – A. ekicii – A. emasensis – A. fayedina – A. filicaulis – A. fimbriata – A. freitagii – A. fruticulosa – A. fumariifolia – A. fungosa – A. funkii – A. gayana – A. gharbensis – A. gilanica – A. gillettii – A. glaberrima – A. glareosa – A. gracilis – A. hamrinensis – A. handel-mazzettii – A. haussknechtii – A. hebronica – A. hemistephana – A. hermonis – A. hirtella – A. homalolepis – A. hyalina – A. hydruntina – A. indurata – A. iranica – A. ismelia – A. jordanovii – A. kandaharica – A. karacae – A. kermanica – A. kitaibelii – A. kotschyana – A. kruegeriana – A. kurdica – A. laconica – A. leptophylla – A. leucanthemifolia – A. leucolepis – A. lithuanica – A. lorestanica – A. macedonica – A. macrotis – A. maris-mortui – A. maritima – A. marocana – A. marschalliana – A. mauritiana – A. melampodina – A. melanacme – A. micrantha – A. microcephala – A. microlepis – A. microsperma – A. mirheydari – A. moghanica – A. monilicostata – A. muricata – A. nabataea – A. odontostephana – A. orbelica – A. orientalis – A. parnesia – A. parvifolia – A. patentissima – A. pauciloba – A. pedunculata – A. persica – A. pignattiorum – A. pindicola – A. plebeia – A. plutonia – A. pseudocotula – A. pulvinata – A. punctata – A. pungens – A. rascheyana – A. regis-borisii – A. retusa – A. rhodensis – A. rhodocentra – A. rigida – A. rosea – A. rumelica – A. ruthenica – A. samariensis – A. scariosa – A. schizostephana – A. scopulorum – A. scrobicularis – A. secundiramea – A. sheilae – A. sibthorpii – A. sintenisii – A. spruneri – A. sterilis – A. stiparum – A. susiana – A. taubertii – A. tenuicarpa – A. tenuisecta – A. tigreensis – A. tomentella – A. tomentosa – A. tranzscheliana – A. tricolor – A. tricornis – A. tripolitana – A. trotzkiana – A. tubicina – A. ubensis – A. virescens – A. wallii – A. werneri – A. wettsteiniana – A. xylopoda – A. yemensis – A. zaianica – A. zoharyana
Name

Anthemis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 893 (1753); Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 381 (1754).

Lectotype species: Anthemis arvensis L. (designated by Green, Prop. Brit. Bot. 182 (1929), superseding the designation of Anthemis maritima L. by Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U. S., ed. 2, 3: 516 (1913); in conflict with Art. 10.5(b), Ex. 7 ICN)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Ammanthus Boiss. & Heldr. in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 11: 18 (1849)
Chamomilla Godr., Fl. Lorr. 2: 19 (1843)
Lyonnetia Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 34: 106 (1825)
Anthemis subg. Maruta Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1818: 167 (1818).
Maruta (Cass.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 456 (1821 publ. 1822).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Northern Europe
Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Regional: Eastern Europe
Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Regional: Macaronesia
Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira.
Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
Eritrea, Ethiopia.
Regional: East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
Regional: Southern Africa
Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Northern Provinces.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Russian Far East
Kamchatka, Primorye.
Regional: Middle Asia
Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
Regional: Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Regional: Western Asia
Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
Regional: Arabian Peninsula
Gulf States, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
Regional: Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto.
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indian Subcontinent
Pakistan, West Himalaya.
Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria.
Regional: New Zealand
Chatham Islands, New Zealand North.
Continental: Pacific
Regional: North-Central Pacific
Hawaii.
Continental: Northern America
Regional: Subarctic America
Alaska, Yukon.
Regional: Western Canada
Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
Regional: Eastern Canada
New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
New Mexico, Texas.
Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
Continental: Southern America
Regional: Central America
Honduras.
Regional: Caribbean
Cuba, Dominican Republic.
Regional: Western South America
Bolivia.
Regional: Southern South America
Juan Fernández Islands, Paraguay, Uruguay.
Continental: Antarctic
Regional: Subantarctic Islands
Falkland Islands, Tristan da Cunha.
Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 893. Reference page.
Linnaeus, C. 1754. Genera Plantarum, ed. 5: 381. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Anthemis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Anthemis. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 18 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Anthemis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Feb. 18.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Anthemis. Accessed: 6 Sep 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Anthemis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sep 6. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: أربيان
беларуская: Пупок
català: Àntemis
čeština: rmen
dansk: Gåseurt
Deutsch: Hundskamillen
Ελληνικά: Μαργαρίτα
English: chamomile
eesti: Karikakar
فارسی: بابونه
suomi: Sauramot
français: Anthémis
עברית: קחוון
magyar: Pipitér
հայերեն: Անթեմ
italiano: Antemide
ქართული: ირაგა
kurdî: Beybûn
lietuvių: Bobramunis
македонски: Вртипоп
Nederlands: Schubkamille
polski: Rumian
русский: Пупавка
slovenčina: ruman
svenska: Kullor
українська: Роман
中文(简体): 春黄菊属
中文(繁體): 春黃菊屬
中文: 春黄菊属

Anthemis is a genus of aromatic flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, closely related to Chamaemelum, and like that genus, known by the common name chamomile; some species are also called dog-fennel or mayweed. Anthemis are native to the Mediterranean region and southwest Asia east to Iran. A number of species have also become naturalized in the United Kingdom and other parts of the world.[3][4][5][6]

There are around 100 species within this genus. [7]

Anthemis species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Orthonama obstipata (The Gem) and Bucculatrix anthemidella, a leaf-miner which feeds exclusively on Anthemis tinctoria.
Cultivation and uses

Several species and cultivars are available for garden use. A. punctata subsp. cupaniana and Anthemis tinctoria 'E.C. Buxton'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[9]
Anthemis cotula
Anthemis tinctoria
Anthemis tomentosa
Species

The following species are accepted:[10]

Anthemis aaronsohnii Eig
Anthemis abrotanifolia (Willd.) Guss.
Anthemis abylaea (Font Quer & Maire) Oberpr.
Anthemis aciphylla Boiss.
Anthemis adonidifolia Boiss.
Anthemis aeolica Lojac.
Anthemis aetnensis Spreng.
Anthemis alpestris (Hoffmanns. & Link) R.Fernandes
Anthemis ammanthus Greuter
Anthemis ammophila Boiss. & Heldr.
Anthemis anthemiformis (Freyn & Sint.) Grierson
Anthemis arenicola Boiss.
Anthemis argyrophylla Velen.
Anthemis arvensis L.
Anthemis atropatana Iranshahr
Anthemis auriculata Boiss.
Anthemis austroiranica Rech.f., Aellen & Esfand.
Anthemis × bollei Sch.Bip. ex Asch.
Anthemis bornmuelleri Stoj. & Acht.
Anthemis bourgei Boiss. & Reut.
Anthemis boveana J.Gay
Anthemis brachycarpa Eig
Anthemis brachystephana Bornm. & Gauba
Anthemis breviradiata Eig
Anthemis bushehrica Iranshahr
Anthemis candidissima Willd. ex Spreng.
Anthemis chia L.
Anthemis chrysantha J.Gay
Anthemis concolor Lojac.
Anthemis confusa Pomel
Anthemis cornucopiae Boiss.
Anthemis corymbulosa Boiss. & Hausskn.
Anthemis cotula L.
Anthemis cretica L.
Anthemis cuneata Hub.-Mor. & Reese
Anthemis cupaniana Tod. ex Nyman
Anthemis cyrenaica Coss.
Anthemis davisii Yavin
Anthemis deserti Boiss.
Anthemis deserticola Krasch. & Popov
Anthemis dicksoniae Ghafoor
Anthemis didymaea Mouterde
Anthemis edumea Eig
Anthemis emasensis Eig
Anthemis fayedina Zareh
Anthemis filicaulis (Boiss. & Heldr.) Greuter
Anthemis fimbriata Boiss.
Anthemis freitagii Iranshahr
Anthemis fumariifolia Boiss.
Anthemis fungosa Boiss. & Hausskn.
Anthemis funkii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk. & Lange) Benedí
Anthemis gharbensis Oberpr.
Anthemis gilanica Bornm. & Gauba
Anthemis gillettii Iranshahr
Anthemis glaberrima (Rech.f.) Greuter
Anthemis glareosa E.Durand & Barratte
Anthemis gracilis Iranshahr
Anthemis hamrinensis Iranshahr
Anthemis handel-mazzettii Eig
Anthemis haussknechtii Boiss. & Reut.
Anthemis hebronica Boiss. & Kotschy
Anthemis hemistephana Boiss.
Anthemis hermonis Eig
Anthemis hirtella C.Winkl.
Anthemis homalolepis Eig
Anthemis hyalina DC.
Anthemis hydruntina E.Groves
Anthemis indurata Delile
Anthemis iranica Parsa
Anthemis ismelia Lojac.
Anthemis jordanovii Stoj. & Acht.
Anthemis kandaharica Iranshahr
Anthemis karacae Güner
Anthemis kermanica Parsa
Anthemis kitaibelii Spreng.
Anthemis kotschyana Boiss.
Anthemis kruegeriana Pamp.
Anthemis laconica Franzén
Anthemis leptophylla Eig
Anthemis leucanthemifolia Boiss. & C.I.Blanche
Anthemis leucolepis Eig
Anthemis lithuanica Besser ex DC.
Anthemis lorestanica Iranshahr
Anthemis macedonica Boiss. & Orph.
Anthemis macrotis (Rech.f.) Oberpr. & Vogt
Anthemis maris-mortui Eig
Anthemis maritima L.
Anthemis marocana Batt. & Pit.
Anthemis mauritiana Maire & Sennen
Anthemis melampodina Delile
Anthemis melanacme Boiss. & Hausskn.
Anthemis micrantha Boiss. & Hausskn.
Anthemis microcephala (Schrenk) B.Fedtsch.
Anthemis microlepis Eig
Anthemis microsperma Boiss. & Kotschy
Anthemis mirheydari Iranshahr
Anthemis moghanica Iranshahr
Anthemis monilicostata Pomel
Anthemis muricata (DC.) Guss.
Anthemis nabataea Eig
Anthemis odontostephana Boiss.
Anthemis orbelica Pancic
Anthemis orientalis (L.) Degen
Anthemis parnesia Boiss. & Heldr.
Anthemis parvifolia Eig
Anthemis patentissima Eig
Anthemis pauciloba Boiss.
Anthemis pedunculata Desf.
Anthemis peregrina L.
Anthemis persica Boiss.
Anthemis pignattiorum Guarino, Raimondo & Domina
Anthemis pindicola Heldr. ex Halácsy
Anthemis plebeia Boiss. & Noë
Anthemis plutonia Meikle
Anthemis pseudocotula Boiss.
Anthemis pulvinata Brullo, Scelsi & Spamp.
Anthemis punctata Vahl
Anthemis pungens Yavin
Anthemis rascheyana Boiss.
Anthemis regis-borisii Stoj. & Acht.
Anthemis retusa Delile
Anthemis rhodensis Boiss.
Anthemis rhodocentra Iranshahr
Anthemis rigida Boiss. ex Heldr.
Anthemis rosea Sm.
Anthemis rumelica (Velen.) Stoj. & Acht.
Anthemis ruthenica M.Bieb.
Anthemis samariensis Turland
Anthemis scariosa Banks & Sol.
Anthemis schizostephana Boiss. & Hausskn.
Anthemis scopulorum Rech.f.
Anthemis scrobicularis Yavin
Anthemis secundiramea Biv.
Anthemis sheilae Ghafoor & Al-Turki
Anthemis sibthorpii Griseb.
Anthemis sintenisii Freyn
Anthemis spruneri Boiss. & Heldr.
Anthemis sterilis Steven
Anthemis stiparum Pomel
Anthemis susiana Nábelek
Anthemis taubertii E.Durand & Barratte
Anthemis tenuicarpa Eig
Anthemis tenuisecta Ball
Anthemis tigreensis J.Gay ex A.Rich.
Anthemis tomentella Greuter
Anthemis tomentosa L.
Anthemis tranzscheliana Fed.
Anthemis tricolor Boiss.
Anthemis tricornis Eig
Anthemis tripolitana Boiss. & C.I.Blanche
Anthemis tubicina Boiss. & Hausskn.
Anthemis ubensis Pomel
Anthemis virescens Velen.
Anthemis wallii Hub.-Mor. & Reese
Anthemis wettsteiniana Hand.-Mazz.
Anthemis xylopoda O.Schwarz
Anthemis yemensis Podlech
Anthemis zaianica Oberpr.
Anthemis zoharyana Eig

References

1885 illustration from Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Anthemis includes photos and European distribution maps
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 893-896 in Latin
Tropicos, Anthemis L.
Flora of North America Anthemis Linnaeus
"How to Propagate and Grow Anthemis ?". Florist London. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
"Anthemis tinctoria 'E.C. Buxton'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
"RHS Plant Selector - Anthemis punctata subsp. cupiana". Retrieved 25 May 2013.
"Anthemis L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 25 May 2021.

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