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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Araliaceae
Subfamilia: Aralioideae
Genera: AnakasiaAraliaAstrotrichaBrassaiopsisCephalaraliaCheirodendronChengiopanaxCussoniaDendropanaxEleutherococcusFatsiaGambleaHarmsiopanaxHederaHeteropanaxHunaniopanaxKalopanaxMacropanax – Megalopanax – Merrilliopanax – Meryta – Metapanax – Motherwellia – Neopanax – Oplopanax – Oreopanax – Osmoxylon – Panax – Pentapanax – Plerandra – Sinopanax – Pseudopanax – Raukaua – Schefflera – Sciadodendron – Seemannaralia – Sinopanax – Stilbocarpa – Tetrapanax – Trevesia – Woodburnia

Nothogenus: × Fatshedera
Anakasia - Aralia - Arthrophyllum - Astrotricha - Brassaiopsis - Cephalaralia - Cheirodendron - Chengiopanax - Cuphocarpus - Cussonia - Dendropanax - Eleutherococcus - ×Fatshedera - Fatsia - Gamblea - Gastonia - Harmsiopanax - Hedera - Heteropanax - Homalosciadium - Hunaniopanax - Hydrocotyle - Kalopanax - Macropanax - Megalopanax - Merrilliopanax - Meryta - Motherwellia - Munroidendron - Neosciadium - Oplopanax - Oreopanax - Osmoxylon - Panax - Pentapanax - Polyscias - Pseudopanax - Reynoldsia - Schefflera - Sciadodendron - Seemannaralia - Sinopanax - Stilbocarpa - Tetrapanax - Tetraplasandra - Trevesia

Name

Aralioideae Eaton, Bot. Dict., ed. 4: 37. Apr-Mai 1836.
Synonyms

Botryodendraceae J. Agardh
Hederaceae Giseke

References

Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004) World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1–444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Lowry, P.P., II & Plunkett, G.M. 2010. Recircumscription of Polyscias (Araliaceae) to include six related genera, with a new infrageneric classification and a synopsis of species. Plant Diversity and Evolution 128: 55–84. DOI: 10.1127/1869-6155/2010/0128-0003 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: أرالياوات
한국어: 두릅나무아과
русский: Аралиевые

Aralioideae is a subfamily of flowering plants contains around 50 recognized genera. These include the genus Panax, to which ginseng belongs. Other notable species are the Angelica-tree (devil's walking-stick, Aralia spinosa), the devil's club (Oplopanax horridus), or common ivy (Hedera helix).

They are traditionally divided into a number of tribes. More recently it has turned out that the Aralieae and Schefflerieae were not accurately delimited. However, with moving some genera around, monophyly of each taxon can probably be achieved. Splitting the Panaceae from the Aralieae is rejected by the current state of knowledge, and whether the Schefflerieae can be accurately subdivided into the Plerandreae and Tetraplasandreae is at least highly doubtful. The Mackinlayeae seem to form a smaller and more basal lineage, but many other genera still await study.

Mackinlayeae

Apiopetalum
Mackinlaya
Pseudosciadium

Aralieae

Aralia
Arthrophyllum
Cuphocarpus
Gastonia
Meryta
Munroidendron
Panax
Pentapanax
Polyscias
Pseudopanax
Reynoldsia
Sciadodendron
Tetraplasandra

Schefflerieae

Brassaiopsis
Dendropanax
Eleutherococcus
×Fatshedera
Fatsia
Gamblea
Hedera
Heteropanax
Kalopanax
Macropanax
Metapanax
Oplopanax
Oreopanax
Schefflera – probably paraphyletic
Sinopanax
Tetrapanax
Trevesia
Tupidanthus

Placement unresolved

Anakasia
Astrotricha – basal?
Cephalaralia – basal?
Cheirodendron – basal?
Cussonia – basal?
Harmsiopanax
Megalopanax
Merrilliopanax
Motherwellia
Osmoxylon – basal?
Raukaua – basal?
Seemannaralia
Stilbocarpa – basal? Possibly belongs into Apiaceae
Woodburnia

References

Crescent Bloom Plants. Retrieved April 11, 2007.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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