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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Brassicales

Familia: Brassicaceae
Tribus: Cardamineae
Genus: Barbarea
Species: B. anfractuosa – B. arabica – B. auriculata – B. australis – B. balcana – B. bosniaca – B. brachycarpa – B. bracteosa – B. conferta – B. duralii – B. grandiflora – B. grayi – B. hongii – B. integrifolia – B. intermedia – B. ketzkhovelii – B. longirostris – B. lutea – B. macrocarpa – B. orthoceras – B. plantaginea – B. platycarpa – B. rupicola – B. sicula – B. stricta – B. taiwaniana – B. trichopoda – B. verna – B. vulgaris
Source(s) of checklist:

Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Barbarea in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 27.

Name

Barbarea W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 109. (1812) nom. cons.

Type species: Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton Hortus Kew. 4: 109. (1812)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Campe Dulac Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées 199. (1867)
Heterotypic
Barbamine A.P.Khokhr. Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 175: 50. (1997)
Type species: Barbamine ketzkhovelii (Mardal.) A.P.Khokhr. Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 175: 50 (1997)

References

Aiton, W.T. 1812. Hortus Kewensis; or, a Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. London (2nd ed.) 4: 109
Koch, M.A. et al. 2016. Barbarea in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Nov. 8.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Barbarea. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 23 2016.
The Plant List 2013. Barbarea in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Dec. 23.
Tropicos.org 2016. Barbarea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Dec. 23.

Vernacular names
العربية: كثء
беларуская: Свірэпа
čeština: barborka
dansk: Vinterkarse
Deutsch: Winterkressen
English: Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket
eesti: Kollakas
فارسی: ترتیزک جویباری
suomi: Kanankaalit
français: Barbarées
Gaelg: Burley geuree
hornjoserbsce: Barmowka
қазақша: Қышабас
Кыргызча: Сары кычы
lietuvių: Barborytė
Ирон: Цæвæгхос
polski: Gorczycznik
русский: Сурепка, Сурепица
slovenčina: barborka
svenska: Gyllnar
українська: Суріпиця
中文: 山芥属

Barbarea (winter cress or yellow rocket) is a genus of about 22 species of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the highest species diversity in southern Europe and southwest Asia. They are small herbaceous biennial or perennial plants with dark green, deeply lobed leaves and yellow flowers with four petals.

Selected species

Barbarea australis
Barbarea balcana
Barbarea bosniaca
Barbarea bracteosa
Barbarea conferta
Barbarea hongii
Barbarea intermedia
Barbarea lepuznica
Barbarea longirostris
Barbarea orthoceras
Barbarea rupicola
Barbarea sicula
Barbarea stricta
Barbarea taiwaniana
Barbarea verna
Barbarea vulgaris

Uses

They grow quickly into dandelion-like rosettes of edible, cress-like foliage. Barbarea verna, also known as upland cress, early winter cress, American cress, Belle Isle cress and scurvy grass, is used in salads or to add a nippy taste to mixed greens for cooking.[1][additional citation(s) needed]
Chemical compounds

Winter cress contains different glucosinolates, flavonoids and saponins.[2][3][4]
References

Angier, Bradford (1974). Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books. p. 250. ISBN 0-8117-0616-8. OCLC 799792.
Vera Kuzina; Jens Kvist Nielsen; Jörg Manfred Augustin; Anna Maria Torp; Søren Bak; Sven Bode Andersen (2011). "Barbarea vulgaris linkage map and quantitative trait loci for saponins, glucosinolates, hairiness and resistance to the herbivore Phyllotreta nemorum". Phytochemistry. 72 (2–3): 188–198. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.11.007. PMID 21130479.
Lea Dalby-Brown; Carl Erik Olsen; Jens Kvist Nielsen; Niels Agerbirk (2011). "Polymorphism for novel tetraglycosylated flavonols in an eco-model crucifer, Barbarea vulgaris". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59 (13): 6947–6956. doi:10.1021/jf200412c. PMID 21615154.
Niels Agerbirk & Carl Erik Olsen (2011). "Isoferuloyl derivatives of five seed glucosinolates in the crucifer genus Barbarea". Phytochemistry. 72 (7): 610–623. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.01.034. PMID 21354584.

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