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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Cytinaceae
Genus: Bdallophytum
Species: B. americanum – B. andrieuxii – B. bambusarum – B. ceratantherum – B. oxylepis

Bdallophytum Eichler, 1872

Eichler, AW: Botanische Zeitung. Berlin, 30: 709.

Bdallophytum is a genus of parasitic flowering plants with five described species. It parasitizes on the roots of plants of the genus Bursera, such as Bursera simaruba. The genus is endemic to the Neotropics.[1]

It was previously placed in Rafflesiaceae, but is now placed in family Cytinaceae, together with the only other genus Cytinus. Some Bdallophytum species were at one time considered to belong to this latter genus.[2]

Bdallophytum is dioecious.[3]


The genus name is probably derived from Ancient Greek bdell- "leech" and phyton "plant". It was later misspelled as Bdallophyton by Eichler, and this synonym is now also in common use.[4]

Bdallophytum americanum
Bdallophytum andrieuxii
Bdallophytum bambusarum
Bdallophytum ceratantherum
Bdallophytum oxylepis


Parasiticplants.siu.edu: Cytinaceae
Diversity of Life: Cytinus
Nickrent et al. 2004

USDA GRIN: Genus Bdallophytum Eichler Archived 2012-09-12 at the Wayback Machine


Nickrent, Daniel L.; Blarer, Albert; Qiu, Yin-Long; Vidal-Russell, Romina & Anderson, Frank E. (2004): Phylogenetic inference in Rafflesiales: the influence of rate heterogeneity and horizontal gene transfer. BMC Evolutionary Biology 4: 40. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-4-40

Further reading

García-Franco, José; López-Portillo, Jorge & Ángeles, Guillermo (2006): The holoparasitic endophyte Bdallophyton americanum affects root water conductivity of the tree Bursera simaruba. Trees - Structure and Function 21(2): 215–220. doi:10.1007/s00468-006-0113-z

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