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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Glycininae
Genus: Calopogonium
Species: C. caeruleum – C. domingense – C. galactioides – C. lanceolatum – C. mucunoides – C. racemosum – C. sericeum – C. velutinum
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Calopogonium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Calopogonium. Accessed: 16 May 2021.

Name

Calopogonium Desv., 1826

Type species: Calopogonium mucunoides Desv.

Synonyms

Cyanostremma Benth. ex Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beech. Voy. 415 (1841)
Stenolobium Benth., Comm. Leg. Gen. (Ann. Wien. Mus. 2: 125: 1839) 61 (1837), et Ann. Wien. Mus. 2: 125 (1838)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: America
Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.
Introduced into:
Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Congo, Cook Is., Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Desvaux, N.A., 1826. Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 9: 423

Additional references

Govaerts, R. 1999. World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b). 1532 pp.. MIM, Deurne. ISBN 90-5720-098-8 (issue 1), ISBN 90-5720-099-6 (issue 2b). Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Calopogonium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Calopogonium. Published online. Accessed: May 16 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Calopogonium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16.
Hassler, M. 2021. Calopogonium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Calopogonium. Accessed: 16 May 2021.

Vernacular names
čeština: Kalopogonium
Tiếng Việt: Chi Đậu lam


Calopogonium is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae. Calopogunium mucunoides is a vine that was introduced into Australia as a pasture legume. It has become naturalized in disturbed sites, waste areas and crops along roadsides and waterways and on the edges of rainforests in the wetter tropical regions of Northern Australia. It is most common in the Darwin region and in surrounding bush land and has also become a weed in Kakadu National Park. In these areas, populations are extending rapidly and it has been observed to form dense mats that smother native vegetarian.

Vigorous, creeping and twining, hairy herb forming a tangled mass of foliage 30 to 40 cm deep. Stems succulent, covered with long brown hairs, creeping in lower part; root at nodes which come in contact with the soil; upper part of stem becomes twining. Leaves trifoliate; leaflets hairy on both surfaces, smaller than those of Pueraria phaseoloides; terminal leaflet broadly ovate to ovate-rhomboid, lateral ones are obliquely broadly ovate, about to 4 to 5 cm long and a little less in width. Stipules small and triangular; small flowers borne in short axillary racemes of four to eight to 12 on hairy peduncles. Flowers blue with greenish-yellow blotch. Pods linear, compressed, 2.5 to 4 cm long, yellowish brown, densely covered with long erect hairs, four- to eight-seeded.
References

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