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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Brassicales

Familia: Brassicaceae
Tribus: Camelineae
Genus: Capsella
Species: C. bursa-pastoris – C. grandiflora – C. orientalis – C. rubella – C. thracica
Source(s) of checklist:

Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Capsella (Brassicaceae) in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 26.

Name

Capsella Medik., Pfl.-Gatt. 85, 99. 1792, nom. cons.

Type species: Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.

Synonyms

Bursa Boehmer
Rodschiedia G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb., Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2: 413. 1800. – non Rodschiedia Miq., Linnaea 18: 585. 1845.

References

Medikus, F.K. 1792. Pfl.-Gatt. 85, 99.
Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Capsella (Brassicaceae) in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 26.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Capsella (Brassicaceae). Published online. Accessed: May 26 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Capsella (Brassicaceae) in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 26.
Tropicos.org 2019. Capsella (Brassicaceae). Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 26.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: Quşəppəyi
башҡортса: Көтөүсе муҡсаһы
беларуская: Стрэлкі
čeština: Kokoška
dansk: Hyrdetaske
Deutsch: Hirtentäschel
فارسی: کیسه کشیش
suomi: Lutukat
hornjoserbsce: Wačoški
հայերեն: Հովվամախաղ
italiano: Borsapastore
қазақша: Жұмыршақ
lietuvių: Žvaginė
Nederlands: Herderstasje
Ирон: Дзындзалæг
polski: Tasznik
русский: Пастушья сумка
slovenčina: Kapsička
svenska: Rödlomme
українська: Грицики
中文: 荠属

Capsella is a genus of herbaceous plant and biennial plants in the family Brassicaceae.[1] It is a close relative of Arabidopsis, Neslia, and Halimolobos.[2]

Some authors circumscribe Capsella to contain only three species: Capsella bursa-pastoris, Capsella rubella and Capsella grandiflora.[2] As of 2020, Kew's Plants of the World Online list eight species.[3]

Capsella rubella is a self-fertilizing species that became self-compatible 50,000 to 100,000 years ago. Its outcrossing progenitor was Capsella grandiflora. In general, the shift from outcrossing to self-fertilization is among the most common transitions in flowering plants. Capsella rubella is studied as a model for understanding the evolution of self-fertilization.[4][5]

The name is said to derive from Latin capsa, a box or case, alluding to fruit resembling a medieval wallet or purse;[6] the suffix -ella denotes "lesser".[7]
Species

Species include:[3]

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
Capsella grandiflora (Fauché & Chaub.) Boiss.
Capsella lycia Stapf
Capsella mexicana Hemsl.
Capsella orientalis Klokov
Capsella puberula Rupr.
Capsella rubella Reut.
Capsella tasmanica (Hook.) F.Muell.

References

"19. Capsella Medikus". Flora of China.
Slotte, T.; Ceplitis, A.; Neuffer, B.; Hurka, H.; Lascoux, M. (2006). "Intrageneric phylogeny of Capsella (Brassicaceae) and the origin of the tetraploid C. bursa-pastoris based on chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences". American Journal of Botany. 93 (11): 1714–1724. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.11.1714. PMID 21642116.
"Capsella Medik". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
Brandvain Y, Slotte T, Hazzouri KM, Wright SI, Coop G (2013). "Genomic identification of founding haplotypes reveals the history of the selfing species Capsella rubella". PLOS Genet. 9 (9): e1003754. arXiv:1307.4118. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003754. PMC 3772084. PMID 24068948.
Slotte T, Hazzouri KM, Ågren JA, Koenig D, Maumus F, Guo YL, Steige K, Platts AE, Escobar JS, Newman LK, Wang W, Mandáková T, Vello E, Smith LM, Henz SR, Steffen J, Takuno S, Brandvain Y, Coop G, Andolfatto P, Hu TT, Blanchette M, Clark RM, Quesneville H, Nordborg M, Gaut BS, Lysak MA, Jenkins J, Grimwood J, Chapman J, Prochnik S, Shu S, Rokhsar D, Schmutz J, Weigel D, Wright SI (July 2013). "The Capsella rubella genome and the genomic consequences of rapid mating system evolution". Nat. Genet. 45 (7): 831–5. doi:10.1038/ng.2669. PMID 23749190.
"Capsella". Flora of North America. efloras.org. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
Gledhill, D. (1985). The names of plants. Cambridge University Press. p. 82. ISBN 0521305497.

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