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Crypteroniaceae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Myrtales
Familia: Crypteroniaceae
Genera: Axinandra - Crypteronia - Dactylocladus

Name

Crypteroniaceae A.DC. in DC.

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Українська: Криптеронієві


References

* Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 6, May 2005. [1]
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Vascular Plant Families and Genera[2]

Crypteroniaceae is a family of flowering trees and shrubs. The family includes about 10 species in 3 genera, native to Indomalaya.

The Crypteroniaceae are native to tropical lowland and submontane rain forests. The genus Axinandra includes four species, one in Sri Lanka (A. zeylanica) and the others in Borneo and the Malay Peninsula. Crypteronia includes seven species, ranging from eastern India through Southeast Asia and southern China to the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, and New Guinea. Dactylocladus consists of a single species, native to the Lowland peat swamp forests of Borneo.

Morphological analyses, supported by recent chloroplast DNA analysis, indicates that the Crypteroniaceae are most closely related to four small Myrtales families, Penaeaceae, Oliniaceae, and Rhynchocalycaceae of southern Africa, and Alzateaceae of Central and South America. It is thought that the common ancestor of these five families originated in western Gondwana during the Cretaceous epoch, and the Crypteroniaceae were carried northward with India after the breakup of the southern supercontinent, differentiating into the three genera before India's collision with Asia. The genera subsequently spread from India to the moist tropical forests of Southeast Asia.

References

Conti, E., Erikkson, T., Schonenberger, J., Sytsma, K. J., & Baum, D. A. (2002). Early Tertiary Out-of-India Dispersal of Crypteroniaceae: Evidence from Phylogeny and Molecular Dating. Evolution 56 (10): 1931–1942.

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