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Eucalyptus scias - Lovett Bay

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Eucalypteae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: Eucalyptus scias
Subspecies: E. scias subsp. apoda - E. scias subsp. scias
Name

Eucalyptus scias L.A.S.Johnson & K.D.Hill


Eucalyptus scias, known as the large-fruited red mahogany,[2] is a species of small, straggly to medium-sized tree that is endemic to the high rainfall coastal areas of New South Wales. It has rough, fibrous bark on the trunk and branches, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of three or seven, white flowers and cup-shaped, conical or bell-shaped fruit.

Description

Eucalyptus scias is a straggly tree but one that sometimes grows to a height of 20 m (66 ft), and forms a lignotuber. It has fibrous grey or brown bark in long slabs with shallow longitudinal furrows. Young plants and coppice regrowth have dull green leaves that are paler on the lower surface, broadly lance-shaped, 60–100 mm (2.4–3.9 in) long and 20–45 mm (0.79–1.77 in) wide. Adult leaves are glossy green but paler on the lower surface, lance-shaped to broadly lance-shaped or curved, 70–200 mm (2.8–7.9 in) long and 20–60 mm (0.79–2.36 in) wide, tapering to a petiole 15–27 mm (0.59–1.06 in) long. The flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of three or seven on an unbranched peduncle 5–23 mm (0.20–0.91 in) long, the individual buds sessile or on pedicels up to 8 mm (0.31 in) long. Mature buds are oval to spindle-shaped or diamond-shaped, 11–19 mm (0.43–0.75 in) long and 7–13 mm (0.28–0.51 in) wide with a conical to beaked operculum. Flowering has been recorded from January to February and the flowers are white. The fruit is a woody cup-shaped, conical or bell-shaped capsule 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in) long and 10–18 mm (0.39–0.71 in) wide with two ribs on the sides and the valves protruding prominently.[2][3][4][5]
Taxonomy and naming

Eucalyptus scias was first formally described in 1990 by Lawrie Johnson and Ken Hill in the journal Telopea from specimens collected by Ian Brooker in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park in 1971.[5][6] The specific epithet (scias) is from the ancient Greek skias meaning "a shade", referring to the broad-leaved crown of this species.[5]

In the same journal, Johnson and Hill described three subspecies, apoda, callimastha and scias. Two of the subspecies have been accepted by the Australian Plant Census:

Eucalyptus scias subsp. apoda L.A.S.Johnson & K.D.Hill,[7] is commonly known as the Tenterfield red mahogany and is usually a poorly-formed tree with flower buds in groups of three;[3][8]
Eucalyptus scias L.A.S.Johnson & K.D.Hillsubsp. scias L.A.S.Johnson & K.D.Hill[9] is a medium-sized tree that has flower buds in groups of seven.[3][10]

Distribution and habitat

The large-fruited red mahogany grows in forests on soils of medium fertility. Subspecies apoda grows on soils derived from granite on the ranges east of Tenterfield. Subspecies scias is mainly found in near-coastal areas between Cessnock and Narooma.[3][8][10]
References

"Eucalyptus scias". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
Hill, Ken. "Eucalyptus scias". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
"Eucalyptus scias subsp. scias". Euclid: Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
Brooker, Ian; Kleinig, David (1983–1994). Field Guide to Eucalypts (Volume 1). Melbourne: Inkata Press. p. 133. ISBN 0909605629.
Johnson, Lawrence A.S.; Hill, Kenneth D. (26 September 1990). "New taxa and combinations in Eucalyptus and Angophora (Myrtaceae)". Telopea. 4 (1): 42–45. doi:10.7751/telopea19904916.
"Eucalyptus scias". APNI. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
"Eucalyptus scias subsp. apoda". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
Hill, Ken. "Eucalyptus scias subsp. apoda". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
"Eucalyptus scias subsp. scias". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
Hill, Ken. "Eucalyptus scias subsp. scias". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 19 December 2019.

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