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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Phaseolinae
Genus: Macrotyloma
Species: M. africanum – M. axillare – M. bieense – M. biflorum – M. brevicaule – M. ciliatum – M. coddii – M. daltonii – M. decipiens – M. densiflorum – M. dewildemanianum – M. ellipticum – M. fimbriatum – M. geocarpum – M. hockii – M. maranguense – M. oliganthum – M. prostratum – M. rupestre – M. schweinfurthii – M. stenophyllum – M. stipulosum – M. tenuiflorum – M. uniflorum
Source(s) of checklist:

Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc., 1970

Kerstingiella Harms, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 26: a. 230 (1908)
Dolichos subgen. Macrotyloma Wight & Arn

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
Continental: Asia temperate
Assam, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya, Yemen
Introduced into:
Bolivia, Jawa, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Taiwan

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Verdcourt, B., 1970. Kew Bulletin 24: 322


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Macrotyloma in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Macrotyloma. Published online. Accessed: May 19 2021. 2021. Macrotyloma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19.
Hassler, M. 2021. Macrotyloma. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Macrotyloma. Accessed: 19 May 2021.

Vernacular names
中文: 硬皮豆属

Macrotyloma is a genus of plants in the legume family which include several species of edible beans. Some species are also used as fodder for livestock.[1]

Species include:

Macrotyloma africanum (Brenan ex R. Wilczek) Verdc.
Macrotyloma axillare (E. Mey.) Verdc. - perennial horse gram
Macrotyloma daltonii
Macrotyloma densiflorum
Macrotyloma ellipticum
Macrotyloma geocarpum - Kersting's groundnut, ground bean
Macrotyloma maranguense
Macrotyloma oliganthum
Macrotyloma rupestre
Macrotyloma stenophyllum (Harms) Verdc.
Macrotyloma stipulosum
Macrotyloma tenuiflorum
Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. - horse gram, kulthi
M. uniflorum var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc.


Blumenthal, M.J. and Staples, I.B. "Origin, evaluation and use of Macrotyloma as a forage - a review" Tropical Grasslands 1993, vol. 27, pages 16-29.

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