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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Phaseolinae
Genus: Macrotyloma
Species: M. africanum – M. axillare – M. bieense – M. biflorum – M. brevicaule – M. ciliatum – M. coddii – M. daltonii – M. decipiens – M. densiflorum – M. dewildemanianum – M. ellipticum – M. fimbriatum – M. geocarpum – M. hockii – M. maranguense – M. oliganthum – M. prostratum – M. rupestre – M. schweinfurthii – M. stenophyllum – M. stipulosum – M. tenuiflorum – M. uniflorum
Source(s) of checklist:
Name

Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc., 1970
Synonyms

Kerstingiella Harms, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 26: a. 230 (1908)
Dolichos subgen. Macrotyloma Wight & Arn

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
Continental: Asia temperate
Assam, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya, Yemen
Introduced into:
Bolivia, Jawa, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Taiwan

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Verdcourt, B., 1970. Kew Bulletin 24: 322

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Macrotyloma in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Macrotyloma. Published online. Accessed: May 19 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Macrotyloma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19.
Hassler, M. 2021. Macrotyloma. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 19. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Macrotyloma. Accessed: 19 May 2021.

Vernacular names
中文: 硬皮豆属

Macrotyloma is a genus of plants in the legume family which include several species of edible beans. Some species are also used as fodder for livestock.[1]

Species include:

Macrotyloma africanum (Brenan ex R. Wilczek) Verdc.
Macrotyloma axillare (E. Mey.) Verdc. - perennial horse gram
Macrotyloma daltonii
Macrotyloma densiflorum
Macrotyloma ellipticum
Macrotyloma geocarpum - Kersting's groundnut, ground bean
Macrotyloma maranguense
Macrotyloma oliganthum
Macrotyloma rupestre
Macrotyloma stenophyllum (Harms) Verdc.
Macrotyloma stipulosum
Macrotyloma tenuiflorum
Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. - horse gram, kulthi
M. uniflorum var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc.

References

Blumenthal, M.J. and Staples, I.B. "Origin, evaluation and use of Macrotyloma as a forage - a review" Tropical Grasslands 1993, vol. 27, pages 16-29.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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