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Salvia africana 2

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Salvia
Sectio: S. sect. Hymenosphace
Species: Salvia africana
Name

Salvia africana L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 1: 38. (1762)

Synonyms

Salvia africana-caerulea L., Sp. Pl.: 26 (1753), expanded from Linnaeus' Salvia afr.caerulea (Sp. Pl. 1: 26, 1753) is contrary to Melbourne Code (ICNafp, 2012) Art. 23.6(c): Salvia africana caerulea is a generic name followed by two adjectival words in the nominative case and therefore is not a validly published name (see alsp IPNI, 2017)
Heterotypic
Salvia acetabulosa L., Mant. Pl. 1: 25 (1767)
Salvia integerrima Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 12 (1768)
Salvia lanuginosa Burm.f., Fl. Indica, Prodr. Fl. Cap.: 1 (1768)
Salvia barbata Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 72 (1791)
Salvia rotundifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 74 (1796)
Salvia colorata Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 1: 230 (1804)
Salvia molucellae Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 216 (1833)
Crolocos colorata (Vahl) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837)
Megyathus acetabulosum (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837)
Salvia undulata Benth. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 275 (1848)
Salvia subspathulata Lehm., Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 6: 457 (1850)
Salvia tauricola Schott & Kotschy ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 608 (1879)
Arischrada molucellae (Benth.) Pobed., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 247 (1972)
Stiefia molucellae (Benth.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 152: 22 (1983)

References

Linnaeus, C. 1762. Species Plantarum, ed. 2, Tomus I: 38. Reference page.
African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Salvia africana. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Accessed: 2015 Sept 16. links to a synonym
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Salvia africana in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Salvia africana. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 13 2017.

Salvia africana is a heavy branched aromatic perennial shrub native to the coast of the Cape Provinces of South Africa,[1] found on coastal dunes and in nearby rocky hills up to 600 m elevation. It grows to 60–90 cm, with round grayish stems covered with hairs that release a strong scent when brushed. The leaves are a soft grey-green, lighter on the underside, and elliptical shaped. The inflorescences reach 30 cm long, with 2-6 flowers in each whorl, ranging from pale blue to pale violet or pink.[2]

The species was originally named by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 as Salvia africana caerulea, but as this name has two specific epithets, it is contrary to Article 23.6(c) of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, and has been corrected to Salvia africana.[1] The incorrect form Salvia africana-caerulea will also be found.[2]
Notes

"Salvia africana". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9. (as Salvia africana-caerulea)

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