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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Gnaphosoidea

Familia: Ammoxenidae
Genera (4): AmmoxenusAustrammoBarrowammoRastellus

Ammoxenidae Simon, 1893

Primary references

Simon, E. 1893. Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris, 1: 257–488. [452]

selected references

Platnick, N.I. 2002: A revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the families Ammoxenidae, Cithaeronidae, Gallieniellidae, and Trochanteriidae (Araneae: Gnaphosoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, (271) abstract and pdf

selected links

The World Spider Catalog, Version 15.5

additional links


Vernacular names
English: Termite Hunters
中文: 沙蛛科

Ammoxenidae, also known as termite hunters,[1] is a small family of spiders with eighteen species in four genera. Ammoxenus and Rastellus occur in Africa, while Austrammo and Barrowammo occur in Australia.[2]

Species of Ammoxenidae are reported to feed exclusively on termites. Based on molecular analysis of the spiders' gut contents, Ammoxenus amphalodes was shown to feed only on Hodotermes mossambicus.[3]

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[2]

Ammoxenus Simon, 1893
Austrammo Platnick, 2002
Barrowammo Platnick, 2002
Rastellus Platnick & Griffin, 1990

See also

List of Ammoxenidae species


Kelly, Lynne (2009). Spiders: Learning to Love Them. Allen & Unwin. p. 228. ISBN 978-1-74175-179-6.
"Family: Ammoxenidae Simon, 1893". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
Petráková, L.; Líznarová, E.; Pekár, S. (11 September 2015). "Discovery of a monophagous true predator, a specialist termite-eating spider (Araneae: Ammoxenidae)". Scientific Reports. 5 (14013). doi:10.1038/srep14013.


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