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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Cardinalidae
Genus: Cardinalis
Species: C. cardinalis - C. phoeniceus - C. sinuatus


Cardinalis Bonaparte, 1838

Typus: Cardinalis virginianus Bonaparte, 1838 syn. Loxia cardinalis Linnaeus, 1758 = Cardinalis cardinalis


Pyrrhuloxia Bonaparte, 1850 Consp. Gen.Av. p. 500 BHL


Bonaparte 1838. A geographical and comparative list of the birds of Europe and North America. London. J. Van Voorst. i–vii, 1–67 BHL DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.48881 Reference page. p. 35 BHL

Cardinalis is a genus of cardinal in the family Cardinalidae.[1][2] There are three species ranging across the Great Lakes region to northern South America.


They are birds between 19 and 22 cm in length. Its most distinctive characteristics are the presence of a conspicuous crest and a thick and strong conical bill. There is sexual dimorphism;[3] males have a greater amount of red in their plumage, and females have only some tints, with a predominance of gray. Immature individuals are similar to females.

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Northern Cardinal (34121550154).jpg Northen Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) RWD.jpg Cardinalis cardinalis Northern cardinal United States from Maine to Texas and in Canada in the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Its range extends west to the U.S.–Mexico border and south through Mexico to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, northern Guatemala, and northern Belize
Cardinalis sinuatus.jpg Cardinalis sinuatus by Kramer Gary.jpg Cardinalis sinuatus Pyrrhuloxia (desert cardinal) U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas and woodland edges in Mexico
Cardinalis phoenicius Cardenal guajiro Vermilion Cardinal (male) (8619284898).jpg Cardinales phoeniceus female.jpg Cardinalis phoeniceus Vermilion cardinal Colombia and Vene


"Taxonomy browser (Cardinalis)". Retrieved 2021-05-01.
"Definition of CARDINALIS". Retrieved 2021-05-01.
"Rare half-male, half-female cardinal spotted in Pennsylvania". Animals. 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2021-05-01.

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