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Cercomela melanura

Cercomela melanura (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea
Familia: Muscicapidae
Genus: Cercomela
Species: Cercomela melanura
Subspecies: C. m. airensis - C. m. aussae - C. m. lypura - C. m. melanura - C. m. neumanni - C. m. ultima


Cercomela melanura (Temminck, 1824)

Vernacular names


Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux livr.43 pl.257 fig.2

The Blackstart, Cercomela melanura, is a chat found in desert regions in North Africa, the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula.

It is a 14–16 cm long bird named for its black tail, which is frequently fanned; the rest of its plumage is bluish-grey or grey-brown (North African races being browner, Middle Eastern races bluer). The sexes are similar, but the male on average has blacker lores. The song is a clear melancholy whistle: CHURlee...TRUloo...CHURlee...TRUlur..., with short phrases from the song used as a call.

It is a species of rocky deserts and mountain slopes which nests in a rock crevice where it lays its 3–5 eggs. It feeds on insects, taken mainly on the ground.

The Blackstart is a confident species, unafraid of man.

Detailed distribution

The Blackstart is resident throughout its range.

* In Egypt, the Blackstart is common in the Sinai peninsula

* In Israel the species is primarily found in the Negev Desert, Arava Valley and Dead Sea areas; it is present in areas of the Jordan River valley further north, but is scarcer there.

* In Jordan, the species is only found in western parts of the country, in areas from the Jordan River valley south through the Dead Sea region to the Arava Valley and Aqaba Mountains.

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* BirdLife International (2004). Cercomela melanura. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 09 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* Andrews, Ian J. (1995) The Birds of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
* Shirihai, Hadoram (1996) The Birds of Israel

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License