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Coracopsis nigra

Coracopsis nigra, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Psittacinae
Tribus: Psittacini
Genus: Coracopsis
Species: Coracopsis nigra


Coracopsis nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Kleiner Vasa Rabenpapageis
English: Black Parrot

The Lesser Vasa Parrot or Black Parrot Coracopsis nigra is a black coloured parrot native to Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte, and Seychelles.[1] It is one of two species of vasa parrots, the other being the Greater Vasa Parrot C. vasa; although, the subspecies C. n. barklyi, of the Seychelles, is sometimes split as a third species, the Seychelles Black Parrot.

The Lesser Vasa Parrot was one of the many species originally described by Linnaeus in his 18th century work, Systema Naturae; it was given the name of Psittacus niger,[2] meaning "black parrot". It was later transferred to the new genus Coracopsis in 1826.

Lesser Vasa Parrots inhabit the mangrove swamps and evergreen forests of Madagascar and the Seychelles Islands. They eat seeds, blossoms and fruit - especially berries and mangos.

They build their nests in tree hollows and go through courtship in February. During this time, the female may shed the feathers on her head giving it a yellowish tone. The male's beak may also turn white during this time.


There are three of four subspecies depending on classification systems:

Coracopsis nigra, (Linnaeus) 1758
Coracopsis nigra libs, Bangs 1927[3][4]
Coracopsis nigra nigra, (Linnaeus) 1758[3][4]
Coracopsis nigra sibilans, Milne-Edwards & Oustalet 1885[3][4]
Coracopsis nigra barklyi, Newton 1867[4]

Coracopsis nigra sibilans and Coracopsis nigra barklyi are considered a single subspecies by some authors.


^ a b BirdLife International (2008). Coracopsis nigra. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 25 February 2009.
^ (Latin) Linnaeus, C (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.. Holmiae. (Laurentii Salvii).. p. 824.
^ a b c "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.020)". www.zoonomen.net. 2009-03-01.
^ a b c d Juniper, Tony; Mike Parr (1998). Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300074536.

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