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Grus vipio

Grus vipio (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Gruiformes
Familia: Gruidae
Subfamilia: Gruinae
Genus: Grus
Species: Grus vipio


Grus vipio (Pallas, 1811)


Grus vipio Report on ITIS
IUCN link: Grus vipio (Vulnerable)

Vernacular names
Česky: Jeřáb bělošíjí
Deutsch: Weißnackenkranich
English: White-naped Crane
Esperanto: Blanknuka gruo
Français: Grue à cou blanc
Frysk: Wytnekkraan
한국어: 재두루미
Italiano: Grus vipio
Lietuvių: Baltasprandė gervė
Nederlands: Witnekkraanvogel
日本語: マナヅル
Русский: Даурский журавль
Suomi: Silmälasikurki
Svenska: Glasögontrana
中文: 白枕鶴

The White-naped Crane (Grus vipio) is a bird of the crane family. It is a large bird, 112–125 cm (44–49 in) long, approximately 130 cm (4 ft) tall and weighing about 5.6 kg (12 lbs) with pinkish legs, grey and white striped neck, and a red face patch.

The White-naped Crane breeds in northeastern Mongolia, northeastern China, and adjacent areas of southeastern Russia where a program at Khinganski Nature Reserve raises eggs provided from U.S. zoos to bolster the species. Different groups of the birds migrate to winter near the Yangtze River, the DMZ in Korea and on Kyūshū in Japan. They also reach Kazakhstan and Taiwan. Only about 4,900 and 5,400 individuals remain in the wild.

Its diet consists mainly of insects, seeds, roots, plants and small animals.

Due to ongoing habitat loss and overhunting in some areas, the White-naped Crane is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I and II of CITES.


^ BirdLife International (2006). Grus vipio. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map, a brief justification of why this species is vulnerable, and the criteria used

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License