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Hippolais rama

Hippolais rama (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea
Familia: Sylviidae
Genus: Hippolais
Species: Hippolais rama
Subspecies: H. r. annectens - H. r. rama


Hippolais rama (Sykes, 1832)

Vernacular names


Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Pt2 no.18 p.89

Sykes' Warbler (Iduna rama) is an Old World warbler in the tree warbler family. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the Booted Warbler, but is now considered a full species. Its breeding range is from northeast Arabia to Afghanistan. Like the Booted Warbler, many populations of the species migrate in winter to the Indian subcontinent as far south as Sri Lanka.
in Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, India.

There are differences in the nesting and egg morphology between rama and caligata. It has been suggested that the rama group can be separated from Hippolais and the older genus name of Iduna was proposed[1] and molecular data supporting the Iduna clade was found in 2009.[2]

It is a small passerine birds are found in open country with bushes and other tall vegetation. 3-4 eggs are laid in a nest in a bush or vegetation. Like most warblers they are insectivorous.

It is a small warbler, especially compared to others in their genus. They are pale brown (weak tea colour) above and whitish below with buff flanks. The outer tail feathers have pale edges. They have a short pale supercilium, and the bill is strong and pointed. Sykes's is larger and greyer than Booted, and most resembles an Eastern Olivaceous Warbler.


1. ^ Castell, Peter; Guy M. Kirwan (2005). "Will the real Sykes's Warbler please stand up? Breeding data support specific status for Hippolais rama and H. caligata, with comments on the Arabian population of 'booted warbler'". Sandgrouse 27 (1): 30–36. http://www.freewebs.com/guykirwan/Castell.pdf.
2. ^ Silke Fregin, Martin Haase,Urban Olsson,Per Alström (2009). "Multi-locus phylogeny of the family Acrocephalidae (Aves: Passeriformes) – The traditional taxonomy overthrown". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (3): 866–878. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.04.006. PMID 19393746.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License