Fine Art

Leucochloris albicollis

Leucochloris albicollis (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Superordo: Caprimulgimorphae
Ordo: Apodiformes

Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genus: Leucochloris
Species: Leucochloris albicollis

Leucochloris albicollis (Vieillot, 1818)

Type locality: Brazil, restricted to São Paulo.


Trochilus albicollis (protonym)
Lampornis musarum M. Bertoni & W. Bertoni, 1901 An.Cient.Paraguayos p.64 BHL


Vieillot, L.J.P. 1818. Nouveau Dictionnaire d’Histoire naturelle, appliquée aux arts, à l'agriculture, à l'économie rurale et domestique, à la médecine, etc. Par une société de naturalistes et d'agriculteurs. Avec des figures tirées des trois règnes de la nature. Tome 23. 612 pp. + 6 tt. Déterville, Paris. p. 426 BHL Reference page. 

Vernacular names
English: White-throated Hummingbird
español: Colibrí gargantilla
português: Beija-flor-de-papo-branco

The white-throated hummingbird (Leucochloris albicollis) is a species of hummingbird in the "emeralds", tribe Trochilini of subfamily Trochilinae. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.[3][4]

Taxonomy and systematics

French ornithologist Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot described the white-throated hummingbird in 1818 as Trochilus albicollis. Its species name is derived from the Latin words albus "white" and collum "neck".[5] Ludwig Reichenbach erected the genus Leucochloris in 1854, deriving the name from the Ancient Greek leukos "white" and chloros "green".

The white-throated hummingbird is the only member of its genus and has no subspecies.[3]

The white-throated hummingbird is 10 to 11.5 cm (3.9 to 4.5 in) long. Males weigh 5 to 8 g (0.18 to 0.28 oz) and females about 4.5 g (0.16 oz). Adults have a medium length, straight, bill with a blackish maxilla and red mandible with a black tip. Adult males have golden- to bronze-green upperparts. Their uppertail coverts and inner tail feathers are golden-green to brilliant green and the outer tail feathers blackish green with white bands near the end. Their chin feathers are brilliant green with white edges, their throat white, and their cheeks and breast brilliant green to golden-green. The center of their belly is white with golden- to bronze-green sides and flanks. Their undertail coverts are white with some bronze-green to brownish inclusions. Adult females are very similar but duller, less glittery, overall. Juveniles have grayish brown underparts with less white and brownish tips to the tail feathers.[6]
Distribution and habitat

The white-throated hummingbird is found in eastern Paraguay, southeastern Brazil from Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo south, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina. It inhabits semi-open to open landscapes such as the edges of mature forest, marshes, scrublands, parks, and gardens. In elevation it is generally found from near sea level to 1,000 m (3,300 ft) but there are occasional records higher with one at 2,100 m (6,900 ft).[6]

The white-throated hummingbird is mostly sedentary but some local dispersal has been noted.[6]

The white-throated hummingbird forages for nectar at a very wide variety of native and introduced plants. Species from at least 10 families have been documented as sources.[6] Bromeliaceae seem especially favored; examples include Quesnelia testudo and Tillandsia aeranthos.[7] It is known to pollinate Siphocampylus sulfureus.[8] In addition to nectar it feeds on insects captured by hawking from a perch.[6]

The white-throated hummingbird's breeding season spans from October to March. It makes a cup nest of plant down and moss bound with spiderweb with lichen on the outside. It is typically placed on a horizontal branch of a shrub or small tree. The female incubates the clutch of two eggs for about 14 days and fledging occurs 20 to 25 days after hatch.[6]

Dickcissel male perched on a metal pole singing, with neck stretched and beak open.

Songs and calls
Listen to white-throated hummingbird on xeno-canto

The white-throated hummingbird's song is "a series of 4–10 high-pitched, buzzy notes, with emphasis on the first, 'bzeeeee-bzee-bzee-bzee-bzee'." It also makes calls described as "dry chips and a high-pitched descending metallic rattle."[6]

The IUCN has assessed the white-throated hummingbird as being of Least Concern, though its population size and trend are not known. No immediate threats have been identified.[1] It is considered "especially common" in the southeastern part of its range and "widely adapted to man-made habitats". Its status at the western margin of its range is less well known.[6]

BirdLife International (2016). "White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22687479A93153812. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22687479A93153812.en. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Gill, F.; Donsker, D.; Rasmussen, P., eds. (August 2022). "Hummingbirds". IOC World Bird List. v 12.2. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
HBW and BirdLife International (2021) Handbook of the Birds of the World and BirdLife International digital checklist of the birds of the world. Version 6. Available at: retrieved August 7, 2022
Simpson, D.P. (1979). Cassell's Latin Dictionary (5th ed.). London: Cassell Ltd. pp. 33, 116. ISBN 0-304-52257-0.
Weller, A.A., G. M. Kirwan, and P. F. D. Boesman (2020). White-throated Hummingbird (Leucochloris albicollis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved September 20, 2022
Snow, David W.; Teixeira, Dante L. (1982). "Hummingbirds and their flowers in the coastal mountains of southeastern Brazil". Journal für Ornithologie. 123 (4): 446–50. doi:10.1007/BF01643279. S2CID 23568595.
Sazima, Marlies; Sazima, Ivan; Buzato, Silvana (1994). "Nectar by day and night: Siphocampylus sulfureus (Lobeliaceae) pollinated by hummingbirds and bats". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 191 (3): 237–46. doi:10.1007/bf00984668. S2CID 262033.

Birds, Fine Art Prints

Birds Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World