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Luscinia luscinia

Luscinia luscinia (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea
Familia: Muscicapidae
Genus: Luscinia
Species: Luscinia luscinia


Luscinia luscinia (Linnaeus, 1758)


* Systema Naturae ed.10 p.184

Vernacular names
Dansk: Nattergal
Deutsch: Sprosser
Ελληνικά: Τσιχλαηδόνι
English: Thrush Nightingale
Français: Rossignol progné
Magyar: Nagy fülemüle
Suomi: Satakieli
Svenska: Näktergal
Türkçe: Ardıç bülbülü

The Thrush Nightingale, Luscinia luscinia (formerly colloquially known as Sprosser), is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It, and similar small European species, are often called chats.

It is a migratory insectivorous species breeding in forest in Europe and Asia. The distribution is more northerly than the very closely related Nightingale, Luscinia megarhynchos. It nests low in dense bushes. It winters in Africa.

The Thrush Nightingale is similar in size to the European Robin. It is plain grey brown above and grey to white below. Its greyer tones, giving a cloudy appearance to the underside, and lack of the Nightingale's obvious red tail side patches are the clearest plumage differences from that species. Sexes are similar.

The male's About this sound song (help·info) is loud, with range of whistles, trills and clicks. It does not have the Nightingale's loud whistling crescendo.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License