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Netta rufina

Netta rufina, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Anseriformes
Familia: Anatidae
Subfamilia: Anatinae
Genus: Netta
Species: Netta rufina

Netta rufina, Photo: Michael Lahanas


Netta rufina (Pallas, 1773)

Vernacular names
Български: Червеноклюни потапници
Česky: Zrzohlávka rudozobá
Deutsch: Kolbenente
Ελληνικά: Φερεντίνι (Ευρασιατικό)
English: Red-crested Pochard
Esperanto: Ruĝkapa anaso
Español: Pato colorado
Français: Nette rousse
Magyar: Üstökös réce
Italiano: Fistione turco
日本語: アカハシハジロ
Lietuvių: Šalminė antis
Nederlands: Krooneend
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Rødhodeand
Polski: Hełmiatka
Suomi: Punapäänarsku
Svenska: Rödhuvad dykand
Türkçe: Macar ördeği

The Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina) is a large diving duck.

Their breeding habitat is lowland marshes and lakes in southern Europe and southern and central Asia. They are somewhat migratory, and northern birds winter further south and into north Africa.
Male & Female at Purbasthali in Bardhaman District of West Bengal, India.

The adult male is unmistakable. It has a rounded orange head, red bill and black breast. The flanks are white, the back brown, and the tail black. The female is mainly a pale brown, with a darker back and crown and a whitish face.

These are gregarious birds, forming large flocks in winter, often mixed with other diving ducks, such as other pochards. They feed mainly by diving or dabbling. They eat aquatic plants, and typically upend for food more than most diving ducks.

Red-crested pochards build a nest by the lakeside among vegetation and lay 8-12 pale green eggs. The birds' status in the British Isles is much confused because there have been many escapes and deliberate releases over the years, as well as natural visitors from the continent. However, it is most likely that they are escapees that are now breeding wild and have built up a successful feral population. They are most numerous around areas of England including Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Northamptonshire. Wild birds occasionally turn up at places such as Abberton Reservoir, Essex.

The Red-crested Pochard is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.


1. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Netta rufina. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Entry includes justification the status of "Least Concern".

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Source: Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License