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Psittaculirostris edwardsii

Psittaculirostris edwardsii, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Psittacinae
Genus: Psittaculirostris
Species: Psittaculirostris edwardsii


Psittaculirostris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1885)


The Edwards's Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii), also known as the Scarlet-cheeked Fig Parrot, is a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family. It is found in humid lowland forests in north-eastern New Guinea. The adult male is predominantly green with red breast and cheeks, yellow ear converts and yellowish crown.

Edwards's Fig Parrot was first described by French zoologist Émile Oustalet in 1885, and named in honour of French naturalist Alphonse Milne-Edwards.[1] It is one of three species in the genus Psittaculirostris.


A medium-sized parrot with a stocky build and short tail, it measures 18 cm (7.1 in) in length. The adult male has bright green wings, back and tail. The feathers of the cheeks and ear coverts are long and narrow, giving the face a ruffed appearance. The cheek feathers are red and the ear coverts golden-yellow. The throat and breast are red with a dark blue-black band on the upper breast. The bill is a dark grey-black and the eye (iris) red. The feet are dark grey. The adult female is similar but has a wider blue-black band on the otherwise green-yellow breast. Immature birds resemble the female.[2][3]

Calls include a high-pitched screett or zseet,[2] and a short sharp ks, described as "coins dropping on concrete".[3][4]

Distribution and habitat

The Edwards's Fig Parrot is restricted to northeastern New Guinea, where it is found from Yos Sudarso Bay and Vanimo east to the Huon Gulf. Common within its range, it is found in lowland forests and cleared areas.[2][3]


Birds are found in ones or twos, although groups of up to 35 individuals may gather at fruit trees.[3] Their predominantly green plumage makes them hard to spot against foliage. They have been recorded feeding with Double-eyed Fig Parrots, fruit pigeons (Ptilinopus), honeyeaters and starlings.[2] They consume fruit including figs. Nesting takes place in small hollows high up in large trees, although little is known about this aspect of their behaviour.[2]


1. ^ A Zoological
2. ^ a b c d e Forshaw, Joseph M. and Cooper, William T. (1978). Parrots of the World (2nd ed.). Melbourne: Landsdowne Editions. p. 166. ISBN 0-7018-0690-7.
3. ^ a b c d Coates, Brian J. (1985). The Birds of Papua New Guinea. Volume 1:Non-passerines. Alderley, Qld: Dove. pp. 329–30. ISBN 0-9590257-0-7.
4. ^ Diamond JM (1972). "Avifauna of the Eastern Highlands of New Guinea". Pulbs. Nuttal Orn. Club 12: 1–438.

* BirdLife International 2004. Psittaculirostris edwardsii. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 24 July 2007.
* Gill, F., Wright, M. & Donsker, D. (2008). IOC World Bird Names (version 1.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

Birds Images

Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License